Annotated Bibliography Alexander, M. (2010). The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. New York: The New Press. Alexander opens up on the history of the criminal justice system, disciplinary crime policy and race in the U.S. detailing the ways in which crime policy and mass incarceration have worked together to continue the reduction and defeat of black Americans.
In 1985 Robert Agnew a sociologist come to an interest of studying the theory and finds a potential for the theory in explaining several causes of crime in society, but due to its limitation he developed and reformulated the theory to widen its dimension or scope. After revising the theory he come up into General strain theory of crime and builds its foundation in 1992. General strain theory argues that frustrations and anger leads someone to deviance and may result into committing a crime (Agnew, 1992). GST defines strains as negative life events and conditions which are commonly disliked by the people who experience it or negative experiences of a person in a given group (Agnew, 1992; 2001; 2006). Strain is often classified in two distinct types, the Objective Strain and the Subjective Strain.
Pojman asserts that this question highlights the question whether or not morality and religion are intertwined. Moreover, Socrates’ comments and critiques of Euthyphro’s claims provide readers a powerful model for what true dialectic thus promoting the development of a strong intellectual spine and the true core of
Historical Philosophies studies crimes that have moved forward from its known foundation in creating policies for criminal activities. Theories that apply to the historical philosophies are classical theory which believe punishment deters criminal behavior. Marxism/Conflict Theory is the theory that social and economic has created crimes. Biological positivists is the believe that traits at birth are then passed down into criminal behavior in people. Sociological theorists believe that a person’s social status in society determinants of criminal behavior.
Although Phillips and Bowling noted, that “race and ethnicity are commonplace in empirical criminology. As a key socio-demographic variable, empirical criminologists routinely use them to describe victims of crime and offenders and less commonly,
This method is supportive of Descartes’s will to emphasis on doubt and question anything that can be doubted. Thus, he demonstrates the presence of God through a chain of consequences ‘Causal proof’. Because of the law of conservation of matter, the cause must equal the effect, if we have an idea of God than this idea is the effect and God is the cause (Gaarder, 2003). Therefore, the idea we have of God is an innate idea that we did not produce ourselves. Accordingly, he expresses that as a result of his innate thoughts of God, it only makes sense that it be God who "is the reason for this thought".
According to Julia Kristeva “any crime, because it draws attention to the fragility of the law, is abject, but premeditated crime, cunning murder are even more so because they heighten the display of such fragility” (2002: 232). This essay argues, that Dexter is an abject, as he attracts and disgusts, and transgresses both moral and physical borders. These elements of abjection are established by means of the narrative, as well as by technical codes and mise-en-scène codes. The first indicator that shows an implication of the abject notion in this scene (Dexter.
Arthur Miller in his article, “Why I Wrote The Crucible,” identifies his motives for creating The Crucible as a political allegory for the Second Red Scare and McCarthyism by making correspondences between the two time periods. Both the Salem witch trials and the Second Red Scare share similar factors and origins which developed each society into a place of hysteria. Mob mentalities rooted in fear gave the people reason to throw away their reason and follow public norms to put suspects on trial. The wrongfully convicted were urged to name others guilty of the same crime and continued false accusations which further perpetuated the trials. The absolutism of the courts caused many of the innocent to be assumed guilty by simple association or some false
A Life Undone with a Letter The plot of the Scarlet Letter is based on sin and faults of the characters in this book. Due to the mistakes of Hester and Dimmesdale a child was created and the child violated the law against infidelity. However, the real evil came from Roger Chillingworth, who was altered by his desire for revenge. The Puritans believed that sinning is the nature of mankind.
Topic: Compares and Contrasts, “The Lottery” By Shirley Jackson and “The Most Dangerous Game” By Richard Connell Professor: Name: Date: OUTLINE Thesis statement The two stories having a common theme of murder, violence and selfishness they as well show contrast between the welcoming setting and cruelty of the residents. Jackson’s “The Lottery” and Connell’s “The Dangerous Game” advocates that we should question our surrounding, Jackson insists on questioning beliefs and tradition while Connell addresses knowing our neighbors well. Henceforth, in life we need to get a clear knowledge of our actions as well as those whom we live with.
Do you think that snitching is a bad or good thing? Some people might think that it could be dangerous. Well here is a little about snitching, and then you can make up your mind. Not everyone agrees about the definition on snitching. Bill Maxwell wrote "Start Snitching", in which he talks about how crime is targeting one group.
Rates for worldwide prisoners with this disorder rise drastically compared to society as a whole. Survey results show that 47% of male prisoners and 21% of female prisoners have ASPD (National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health, 2010). This is most likely a result of the tendencies to commit criminal behavior. Furthermore, there is difficulty in achieving an accurate survey result due to the very nature of ASPD. 90.4% of people diagnosed with ASPD have at least one or more other psychiatric disorders and prevalence is increased for almost every other psychiatric disorder (NCCMH, 2010).
Deviance is defined as "any violation of norms, whether the infraction is as minor as driving over the speed limit, as serious as murder, or as humorous as Chagnon 's encounter with the Yanomamo" (Henslin 194). One statement that stuck out to me was sociologist Howard S. Becker 's definition of deviance: "It is not the act itself, but the reactions to the act, that make something deviant" (Henslin 194). One reaction that acts as a punishment for a deviant or minor criminal is the criminal justice system. On page 211 in our book, it is stated that "the working class and those below them pose a special threat to the power elite" (Henslin). As a result of this threat, the law and punishment comes down harder on the lower class than it does on the upper class.
(Dawn Wissman, 2013). Behavior affected by nature can play its part in creating a serial killer. “ Bedwetting, cruelty to animals, and fire setting were behaviors typically used by criminologists and psychologists to identify likely violent offenders, especially serial killers. Current research has shown no true relationship between the three behaviors and violent criminal behavior“ (Dawn Wissman,