A Meta-Analytic Review on the effect of Mindfulness-Based Theory on Anxiety and depression. Firstly we have to have a clear understanding of mindfulness and what it is about. It means maintaining a moment by moment awareness of ones thoughts, feelings, bodily sensations and our surrounding environment. Mindfulness also involves acceptance, which means that we pay attention to our thoughts and feelings without any judgement or belief for instance that there is a “right or wrong” way to think or feel at different times.
The view that all internal experiences relate to interpersonal relationships. The process and techniques of psychodynamic therapy and counselling include: Identification of recurring themes and patterns of behaviour; discussion of past experience (developmental focus); focus on affect and expression of emotion; focus on the therapy relationship
Analyzing stereotypes allows one to come to terms with the idea that stereotypes come from the same source, marginalized groups. Social disadvantages are real and need to be approached in a supportive way, instead these groups are conventionalized
We could integrated a family base approach along with a strength based (Kerig, 2010) approach to empower each of the family members. The family as a unit would need to be assess and also, as individuals. Through assessments the therapy informs him/herself about what has been the trauma implicated in each of the family members and the patters that behaviors have caused. Psychoeducation should be provided and that way everyone in the family can be educated. The family needs to resolve issues of trust, affect regulations and learn how to used coping strategies to understand how to deal with their
The downfall to our self-presentation and management systems is the ultimate factor of embarrassment when our identity meets reality, and they do not fall into alignment. Self-presentation, as defined by DeLamater and Daniels, is all conscious and unconscious attempts by people to control the images of self they project in social interaction. In simpler terms, whether we realize it or not we portray ourselves to others in the specific ways we want to even if it is not necessarily true to who we are. There are three self-presentation methods that we employ in order to control people’s impressions, including: authentic self-presentation, ideal self-presentation and tactical self-presentation (DeLamater & Myers, 2011). Each method has its own purpose or goal.
Bowlby 's attachment theory had vast investigation done by Mary Ainsworth, who studied the interactions between mother and child, specifically, the theme of an infant’s investigation of their surroundings and the separation from their mother. This essay will focus on Bowlby’s attachment theory and Mary Ainsworth’s experiments and findings, discussing their views on the development and importance of attachment in early life. John Bowlby’s primary interest was in the relationship between child and mother or primary caregiver. Bowlby suspected that the earliest relationships formed by children and their primary parent or care giver, have huge impacts on the child’s later life. From this, Bowlby developed the attachment theory.
This would interfere with the Kym’s ability to reach self-actualization. As would a diagnosis; despite Kym being in treatment for a substance abuse disorder, a diagnosis is discouraged in this model. Tests to obtain more information would also be avoided as this form of therapy relies mostly on attempting to understand the client through showing empathy, genuineness, and unconditional positive regard as the client directs the session. As previously mentioned, self-reports would be the primary source of information. Treatment would focus more on what the clinician should not do; the therapist should not give advice, interpret what the client says, criticize, reassure or persuade the client.
Solution Focused therapy just like its name focuses on the solution rather than the problem. It is based on a non-pathology model that lays emphasis on strengths rather than the weakness of the client and their resources. In solution focused therapy, the therapist and the client works collaboratively in reaching a goal and resolving problems. Solution focused therapy is a goal-directed, collaborative approach to psytherapeutic change that is conducted through direct observation of client’s responses to a series of well constructed questions. In doing solution focused therapy, the therapist focuses on the present and the future and does not dwell in the past.
I have also learnt that to be an effective counsellor, you need to be able to understand the importance of each client’s beliefs. As a counsellor it is good to understand that I will have a different set of views and beliefs than what the client may have, this does not mean I am right and the client is wrong. It just means that once I can acknowledge and push aside my beliefs, I can really focus on what this client is trying to say, and how I can help them. Some of the key values that I think would help make me a good counsellor is, treating clients with respect, try to be understanding and empathetic and being a good listener to
The McKinley case study is a story that involves a wide variety of problems that many families will go through at one point in their lives or another. We all know someone who is going through, or has gone through similar circumstances. “Suffering”, I believe is inevitable, how we relate to our problems really define us and the greatest testament of character is how we take control of those circumstances, whether it is taking immediate action, making different choices or seeking for help. Social workers help us understand our problems at different levels and layers, by using theories that help define human behaviors. According to Hutchinson, Human behavior is multidimensional, and there are many perspectives that help us understand people