The basic concept of learning is based on this theory. The mental processes as they are being influenced by either intrinsic and/or extrinsic factors, which eventually results in learning acquisition of an individual. Knowledge systems of cognitive structures are actively constructed by learners based on pre-existing cognitive structures. The teacher facilitates learning by providing an environment that promotes discovery and assimilation/accommodation. The cognitive processes are: observing, categorizing, and forming generalizations about our environment.
Theoretical Framework This study was anchored on the Constructivist Theory. Constructivism is defined by Cunanan-Cruz (2002) as an educational theory whereby learners construct their own knowledge by a natural ability to think, by learning from the environment, or by combination of both natural ability and environmental influences, where the result is an autonomous, intellectual learner. Constructivism influences instructional theory by encouraging discovery, hands-on, experiential, collaborative, project-based, and task-based learning. It has roots in cognitive psychology and biology and is an approach to education that lays emphasis on the ways knowledge is created while exploring the world. Exemplars of constructivist theory may be found in the works of John Dewey, Maria Montessori and David Kolb.
Self-regulated learning is in parallel with constructivist view of learning and teaching in that it puts learner at the epicenter of learning and construction of knowledge and, hence, it merits more heed in contemporary education. Constructivism underscores the importance of individual self in building meaning (Vygotsky, 1978). Learners act as an umpire of feeding inlet of knowledge to
This allows the students to be productive with students of a different culture. Students performed math problems with students who may have learned certain things differently than them. This acknowledges the progress of students learning from each other and working as one. The mathematics teacher also provided his students every opportunity to ask questions and tackle any problem that they needed help with. The diversity of the group brings out different approaches to confront any math problem.
3.1) Theories of Behaviour Management Behaviour management is a tool, a system, generates learning environment to encourage positive behaviour and minimise the opportunity for negative conduct to occur. It is like modifying and change learner's action in a positive manner where the primary focus lies on maintaining order. Many theorists presented their views in their research work on the understanding of the nature of the behaviour BILL ROGER is an education consultant and author present his work on behaviour management, discipline, effective teaching, and stress management etc. and also lectures widely covers the topic to both the learner and the teacher for the challenges facing in leadership in educational premises. Bill Roger recommended
Understanding the power of words and what teachers model to the learner Rogers terms “corrective discipline” and lastly, “supportive discipline” is described as creating a positive and enriched learning environment that also includes the student in developing resolutions to discipline issues (Rogers p. 4). However, Rogers asserts, it is the teacher’s philosophical position, both implicit and explicit, that will be
Constructivism is first of all a theory of learning based on the idea that knowledge is constructed by the knower based on mental activity. Learners are considered to be active organisms seeking meaning. Constructivism is founded on the premise that, by reflecting on our experiences, we construct our own understanding of the world consciously we live in. Each of us generates our own "rules" and "mental models," which we use to make sense of our experiences. Learning, therefore, is simply the process of adjusting our mental models to accommodate new experiences.
I chose this topic because it helps answer several concerns that arise at attempts to teach and to learn about proofs. Through a diagram that made the statement obvious, the result may be sensed or discovered intuitively. Hence it helps the viewer internalize the idea by gaining an insight into why the idea was correct, and it makes more discernable relationships between parts or parameters of a mathematical statement. Proof without words can be one step proof, or even a proof that does not start with fundamental axioms. It is very effective not only for learning mathematical statements, but also for developing a feeling for mathematics as a discipline.
Framework of the Study Cognitive Theory Cognitive theory is the dominant theory in instructional design and many of the instructional strategies advocated and utilized by behaviorists are also used by cognitivists. When designing from a behaviorist-cognitivist position, the designer will study the situation and sets a goal. Learning objectives are developed and individual tasks are broken down.