Theoretical Framework Of Drama

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This chapter relates to the theoretical framework that is relevant to the topic of the study. This is important because this theory can be used as the basic of the analysis of the study. The writer also should find out some related theories that correlate with the study. Those are understanding drama, introduction to Islam, Islamophobia, critical race theory, socio-pshycological theory, and previous study. 1.1 Understanding Drama 1.1.1 Definition of Drama Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance. The term comes from a Greek word “dran” that means “action”, which is derived from the verb meaning “to do” or “ to act”. Drama is an unique literary form because they are designed to be acted out on a stage before an audience.…show more content…
According on Shorter Oxford Ditionary (2018), said: “Drama is a composition in verse or prose and verse, adapted to be acted on the stage, in which a story is related by means of dialogue and action and is represented with accompaniying gesture, costume and scenery as in real life” Since drama is performance act, it has function to give pleasure, entertain, and knowledge to whose attend it.A few dramatist use their characters as a vehicle to convey their thought, values such as poets do with personas, and novelists do with narrators. Drama gives us a direct presentation of life experience. Drama is a just and lively image of human nature, representing its passion and humours, and the changes of fortune to which it is subject, for the delight and instruction of man kind (John Dryden, 2011). 1.1.2 Elements of Drama According on Understanding Drama book (Robert Leech, 2008), the major elements of a drama are as…show more content…
Protagonist: the main character, usually the one who sets the action in motion b. Antagonist: the character that stands as rival to the protagonist c. Confidant::a character that lends an ear and gives his input to usually the protagonist is confidant. This type of character is most commonly a closest friend or trusted servant of the main character, who serves as a device for revealing the mind and intention of the main character d. Foil: a character whose traits contrast with those of another character e. Stock characters: a stereotypical character who is not develop as an individual but as a collection of traits and mannerism supposedly shared by all members of a group Each character is distinct from the other and must have their own peculiar personality, background, and belief. The mannerism and use of language too may differ. 2. Dialogue The words uttered by characters in a play forms a dialogue. The dialogue reveals the plot and characters of the play. What s spoken must be suitable to the situation and the role of the character. Examples: Amir: That you want to paint me after seeing a painting os a slave Emily: Juan de Pareja was Velazquez’s assistant, honey. And a painter in his own
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