The Health Belief Model (HBM) is one of the first and broadly used theory of health behavior. (3)see Abraham and Sheeran, 2005, for a recent review).It was developed to understand peoples’ beliefs about whether they are at risk for a certain disease or health problem, and their perceptions to seek prevention mechanisms or early detection and treatment (50,20,36,93).The HBM states that health behavior is constructed by two cognitions: perceptions of illness threat and evaluation of behaviors to counteract this threat. Threat perceptions are based on perceived susceptibility of the individual to the illness and the perceived severity of the consequences of the illness for the individual. Similarly, evaluation of possible responses involves consideration
The theory can be put into practice by a) encouraging healthy behavior and through proper maintenance. For example, studying the behavior pattern in sickness can permit unhealthy practice of an individual to be taken into consideration. Similarly, analyzing beliefs of an individual can be helpful as it will help to change the behavior pattern. b) It has been seen that health psychologist try to study treatment and preventive strategies of “illness”. By adapting different coping strategies one can easily prevent the onset of different illness.
The strategies in the Public Health is to promote health workers in the community and to change individual and community behaviour, lifestyles, beliefs and practices for prevention of illness, disease and injury. Another strategy is the encouragement and maintenance of mental health. As there are critiques in Community Psychology, the public health also has critiques. There is potential for culture clashes in trying to promote mental
Public health management make strong decision as regard to how to strategically plan, allocate and budget for the available resources and in doing so it require technical skill and knowledge of management. The whole essence of public health management is to establish the identity of diseases and control of such disease that are threats to public health. Application of knowledge of management in public health leads to quality public health management as it focused on identify problems, customer satisfaction, and application of analytical tool to collect information with the health sector. Public health management promote standard and establish strategic direction for public health. 10.1 Personal Context: Personally, in managing my health and the health of my household, I emphasis on lifestyle modification and I ensure there is a particular amount allocated for the management of health of my family every month.
The case management process starts with screening, which focuses on whether or not a patient would benefit from the services. Which promotes early intervention and achieving the desired outcome. The assessing phase, is the collection of information of the patient which is compared to similar situations reviewed during the screening, like past and current health conditions. The planning phase creates specific objectives that are essential so that the patient’s needs are met. During this phase the plan is “action-oriented, time-specific, and multidisciplinary in nature”(CMBOK).
Heath Education The health education progragmme should be focus on the population at risk. The prime objectives of health education is to provide information, make awareness and mobilize peoples to practice good health related aspects to keep them safe and sound. In resource poor community, where lacks proper sanitation and hygiene, health education can bring life style changes (Smits, 2009; Knopp et al., 2010; Bieri et al., 2013; Gyorkos et al., 2013; Al-Delaimy et al., 2014). The health education intervention should be cost effective and option should be best for the community, so that they must adopt and, this will help to retain the achievements obtained through preventive chemotherapy (Knopp et al., 2010; Bieri et al., 2013).The people should first made aware about the benefit they will get from safe
Therefore, identifying the barriers in communication is important for the sender and receiver to understand their discussion and get both the meaning and the actual message well. 4 Nonetheless, as health providers, we should understand both the barriers in communicating with our patients well and ways to overcome those barriers in order to communicate with our patients well. By doing this, patients will get to fully understand what the doctors are trying to say and as expected, there will be changes in behavior that we can see in patients. II. Discussion As mentioned before, barriers in communication is the obstacles which keep the meaning of the communication to meet.
Reflection on the Ethical and Moral Issues Involved of Patient’s Experience In this fast-changing world, there are constant clashes of cultural-based values, accordingly, this might lead to conflicts of values and actions when judging whether an issue is right or wrong. However, such controversies should be prevented and every decision should be grounded in the medical field, as healthcare professionals deal with human well-being and life. Therefore, emphasis should be placed on living up to health ethics, which is a set of moral principles that conduct health professionals in making decision. (ppt) In the following paragraphs, patient’s experience of receiving health care services will be analyzed in relation to health ethics. First and foremost, I would like to give a brief account of the patient 's medical experience.
Kate’s hypertension, history of smoking and family history of heart disease would put her at risk of cardiovascular disease. Using the Health Belief Model, Kate has a low perceived susceptibility and low perceived severity. As Poudel, and Sumi (2017) study showed people tend to misjudge their own risk; therefore, providing accurate communication about risk has the potential to motivate patients to initiate and maintain behavior changes. In order to educate Kate, I must first see what her perceived susceptibility is. If she is not aware of her personal risk factors, my plan would be on educating her about them.
It is based on equity and social justice, its focus on the determinants of health which are seen as the root cause of disease. The economic, behavioural, social and environmental determinants are critical in health promotion. Health promotion requires that there is ppeace, shelter, a stable eco-system, social justice, and equity, food, income, education and sustainable resources. All these ensure that people take health promoting behaviours and avoid health risking behaviours PERSONAL LIFE (HEALTH PROMOTION): Promoting health starts from an individual’s value for health even though cultural and social elements play a role. Keeping my personal and environmental sanitation through personal hygiene are the health promoting measures that are critical to my health, seeking for health care through screening, vaccination and seeking help when ill on time has helped me to be healthy.