How is it that two men that come from identical backgrounds end up being completely opposites? Wes Moore takes us back to his childhood growing up, and also introduces us to a character sharing the same name as him, and similarly, the same lifestyle. Both of the young men shared the absence of a father figure, living in poor neighborhoods, bad influences, and lack of education. While reading, we question “how?” and “why?” There is no exact answer to our questions. Inside of “The Other Wes Moore”, two similar tales are told, however, there are two different outcomes.
Learning occurs in a cultural context and involves social interactions (Vygotsky). With reference to the above mentioned example, learning happens when the student goes to a shop and buys four chocolates of ₹5/- each. Learning is enhanced when content is relevant to student’s lives.
Urie Bronfenbrenner was a developmental psychologist who was known for his work and theories on child development. He developed his theories and ideas with the use of ecological models, which are defined as, a method used for the further understanding of the influential interrelations between various personal and environmental factors. Bronfenbrenner’s belief was that the social environments in which children were raised impacted greatly on their development. The ecological environment is conceived as a set of nested structures each inside the other like a set of Russian dolls (Bronfenbrenner 1977 ; Lewin 1917,1935 ), It’s seen this way because it moves and expands through the inner most section called The Microsystem, to the outer most The
This paper compares two of the five learning theories; cognitivism and behaviorism, in three ways. Firstly, the role of the facilitator is evaluated. Secondly, the paper analyses the process through which student learn and make meaning in both theories. Finally, the paper reviews the benefits and challenges of the approaches as they relate to adult development.
One could conclude that learning theory and social learning theory is applicable to different forms of behaviours exhibited from different social class or ethic background. The learning theory has it limitation such as the biological factors affecting the cognitive development of a child however, the theory is useful in understanding how the external environment affect or shape how people behave in the society. As student social worker we are interested in how society operate and it effect on a group and the society. The society in the sense is the
This is a key framework of sociological theory. It depend on symbols and their meaning. The words we use to describe our behaviour and the behaviour of others is very important. To elaborate further and get into detail about this theory, firstly the theory and key terms have to be defined, secondly the major proponents and tenets, thirdly the history of the theory, fourthly the purpose of the theory, fifthly the significance of the theory for social work practice, followed by the epistemology, consistency with social work values and ethics, implication of the theory, position of the theory on the population served by the social worker, strength and weakness, relevance of Intersectionality, critical perspective on contemporary issues
So the The focus of my education will be to utilize theories on adult learning and methods of long-term retention within the context of their preferred communication and learning styles. Much like the University of Minnesota utilizes voice-over PowerPoints and reading assignments to engage multiple senses and provide a framework for learning, I will provide various sources of content and structure according to cognitive and constructionist learning theories (10x10 with University). I will package my content in modules spread over several weeks, like the 10x10 program, in order to give the students time to fully absorb the information and begin to apply it to their work. Leading into the classes I will provide them with a big picture overview and open a discussion on the importance of learning this material in order to increase buy-in and engagement. I believe that by using cognitive and constructionist theories to maximize LTM as well as theories on adult learning and the Shannon-Weaver communication model, I can deliver exceptional informatics education to my
What have I learned about myself as a learner from this chapter? According to the beginning of this chapter, each person who lives long enough will become a part of every age group. Without choice, we must all go through the various stages in life and eventually join the ranks of the aged. Like other cultural groups, we feel, think, perceive, and behave, in part, based on the age group to which we belong. The study of age as a function of culture is important to educators because it helps them understand how the child or adolescent struggles to win peer acceptance and to balance this effort with the need for parental approval.
Comprehension alone of adult learning theories does not allow for the synthesis and reflection needed to apply the theories to real educational situations. As a practitioner, it is important to correctly apply theories of adult learning to instructional strategies to increase the learner’s success and the transfer of knowledge. Awareness of one’s cognitive development and that of the learners is an essential element to developing instruction that is relevant and provides a safe environment where learning can occur. This team learning exercise aided my understanding of how the theoretical foundations of adult education provide a framework for instructors to draw from to identify root causes that lead to learning deficits, and identify and implement solutions by application of these
To develop competent skills in confidently managing aggression in patients with dementia and implement de-escalation or talk down techniques effectively, it is imperative to observe senior nursing staff as they deal with aggressive patients. Managing aggression in patients with Behavioural psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) can be very complex processes that require extensive experience to effectively and safely implement appropriate nursing interventions. Martin & Daffern (2006) state that mental health clinicians require confidence in their ability to work with aggressive patients, allowing the provision of therapeutic care while ensuring protection for themselves and other patients from psychological
Based on the Week 1 lessons and your own experience, describe at least three effective strategies and best practices associated with educating adults. Please be sure to explain exactly why these strategies and practices are effective for adult learners. In what ways do these strategies speak to the unique characteristics of adult learners and/or the unique challenges they may face in continuing their educations?
This article aims to explore Piaget’s cognitive development theory and Vygotsky’s sociocultural cognitive theory. Piaget explicated people fundamentally improve their thinking in stage at distinct periods. In terms of Vygotsky’s sociocultural cognitive theory, it is inevitable to investigate the correlation between social interaction and individual cognitive development, the role of cultural tools in mental process, and the zone of proximal development(ZPD).
I was fortunate to be able to observe academic education of nursing students at DeSales University. This education was held in a classroom setting on Mondays and Wednesdays. My observation time was 16 hours in which I observed Alyssa Robertson prepare for class, prepare exams, give lectures, provide hands on education, assist students in learning, and provide support to students. I also observed many student interactions and learning techniques. The learners were NU 220 Pharmacology and NU 230 Therapeutic Nursing Interventions students. NU 230 Therapeutic Nursing Interventions was held in the morning on Mondays and Wednesdays from 09:00-11:30 and NU 220 Pharmacology was held after from 12:00-3:30pm.
initiative for planning their own learning, seeking out the necessary resources, implementing and evaluating their own learning (tenant p10). The research by Tough prompted a multitude of research on the phenomenon. To date self-directed learning is one of the most widely researched area in the field of adult learning ( Owen , T Ross 2002).
The unique aspects which are most salient for me are, first, the Andragogy theory (model); the idea of adult learners learning through enriched opportunities to collaborate in what they are learning and why they are learning it. The authors note, if the adult learner understands the value of what they are learning and it can be relatable to prior life experiences, they tend to be more motivated and retain the information. With that in mind, the importance of “climate setting” to provide mutual respect by actively collaboration with the adult learner in planning and the direction of lessons(Merriam, & Bierena, 2014).