Grief is an inevitable human experience, experienced by individuals across all cultures. Grief, is not limited to, losses of death, but can originate through myriad of other losses like loss of financial stability, loss of relationship, addictions, colonisation, developmental loses to name a few which challenges the equilibrium of the human psyche. In counselling practice, counsellors rely on the conceptualised models of grief theories to assist clients. This essay provides a brief critical evaluation of two grief counselling models; meaning reconstruction theory and dual processing model, whilst encapsulating both model’s benefits, limitations and its examples of their application in practice. Furthermore it will aim to provide an analytical
The world that Paul lives in is one of mundane and simple but with still excitement. This life that Paul lives in is a nightmare to him with a constant suffocation of dullness of his life. The rejection of the middle class is not only to the environment it is also to the people. The disgust that Paul has as he finds his English teacher a seat, “Paul was startled for a moment, and had the feeling of wanting to put her out; what business had she here among all those fine people and gay colors” (173). This annoyance eats at Paul most of the night until he listens to a pianist that he is calm again.
During this model, I took on the role of the person being counselled. This is when I noticed how important it was which method of counselling I used. As I was being counselled methods such as CBT or psychodynamic was being used, I felt on edge about how I would respond to the question or suggestion the counsellor put forward. I felt this emotion as I thought I have to answer according to what they want to hear and divert from my actual issue at hand. When I would voice what I was trying to make an understanding over it felt as though it was a battle of whose eighth or wrong would take place, pushing the matter more into CBT rather than Humanistic.
The counselor is genuine and aware of their own feelings. The counselor has unconditional positive regard for the client. The counselor has empathic understanding of the client and his or her internal frame of reference and looks to communicate this experience with the client. The client recognizes that the counselor has unconditional positive regard for him or her and an understanding of the difficulties s/he is
The counselor should be empathetic, see things from the patient’s viewpoint as well, and not be sympathetic i.e. feeling sorry for the client. There are three main approaches used by professional counselors who specialize in psychodynamic, humanistic and behavior counseling. Psychodynamic Approach to Counseling. This is based on the premise that true knowledge of people and their problems is possible through an understanding particular of areas of the human mind.
The approach was chosen with regards to earlier findings in different psychotherapy interventions, and the client’s needs in this case study. The interventions and planning were adjusted and tailor made so as to match the needs of the client and the therapeutic progress. The case study was carried out as an individual case study due to a few considerations. Firstly, it was difficult to recruit a group of hearing-impaired individuals as they were comparatively less active in social activities. Their motivation for participating social events and therapies were low which made them one of the most difficult populations in psychotherapy (Glickman, 2008).
As the client comes closer to insight, the therapist can start giving the control back to the client, just as the parent child relationship becomes more equal as the child becomes more mature. Both of these approaches complement each other because the psychodynamic therapist tries to modify past maladaptive relational patterns and the person centered therapist further contributes to growth. Therapeutic strategy We now move onto an application of this integrative approach. Eoghan is a 27 years old male who is struggling with low self worth and inadequacy. In addition, he suppresses his issues through excessive drinking.
The clients form a new perception of their self-identity which is more positive (Goldfried, 2003; Kagan, 2007). Also, the empathetic nature of the counselor is soothing and calming for the client. This can be source of relief in their life (Elliott et al.
The therapist experiences unconditional positive regard for the client The therapist accepts the person as they are, puts no condition on valuing them, separates the behaviour from the person. When they know they are not being judged, it allows the client to think perhaps they do not have to judge themselves (Rogers, 1975?) 5. The therapist experiences an empathic understanding of the client’s frame of reference and communicates this experience to the client When the client is empathically heard, they get greater understanding of themselves. (Rogers, 1979) 6.
The psychodynamic approach acknowledges that people are often complex and paradoxical beings. More specifically, the four premises of the Clinical Paradigm acknowledges the complexity of an individual’s subconscious, asserting that understanding motives and reasonings will aid in foreseeing and controlling them (Northouse, 2016). Another concept, the behavioural approach and more specifically task behaviour, will aid in helping me understand how I address tasks relating to academics. In addition, as the behavioural approach is also composed of looking at relationship behaviour which pertains to how one feels about themselves, I believe this is also relevant. The final concept most useful to me is the concept of adaptive leadership.