In the absence of information on specific issues of public interest, government representatives are sometimes called to guess which policy proposals deserve to be carried forward and which ones do not, often making the wrong decision. It is therefore in the very interest of governments to protect and regulate lobbying activity. In the US, the right to petition the government and thus to exert pressure on public officials is enshrined in the Constitution itself, while in some European countries, interest representatives are granted ‘hall-passes’ which allow access to legislators. However, despite the original purpose of lobbying, to intercede on behalf of the public and promote common interests, this practice has acquired a negative connotation. Lobbying can in fact undermine the goodness and legitimacy of government activity.
Surely, there are no demonstrable starting points either in pure reason or in formless sense experience (Groothuis, 2011). Formal logic is hollow and sense experience alone needs structure or meaning. Thirdly, truth is built after a scientific hypothesis. Which means, the hypothesis suggested must be measured by reliability and its capacity to fit the facts of experience. If it lacks either reliability or factual adequacy, it is untrue.
However, many consumers are struggling to adopt eco-friendly products much more that various companies try to give people a different perception of what reality is. With the use of metaphor analysis, the discussion above shows that The Honest Company has issues with how it operates. Although it tries to deliver best family essentials to its customers ' doorstep, the company is criticized because of its failure to carry out its vision, mission, and objective. For one, its lotion has caused sunburn to many children. Also, many consumers are angered with the company’s dishonesty because it promised never to use SLS in its detergent soaps but has used it.
In his American Commonwealth 1888, he concentrated on three main features of public opinion, the competence of public, the constitution of public opinion, and the relationship of public opinion with opinion leaders (i.e. the function of public opinion in the political procedure). In that research Bryce observed the insufficiency of attentiveness that is showed by public in politics, so that he did not trust that public opinion could or ought to decide the subtle elements of policy. However, he observed that this latter in America was dominated by the mass public through political parties. Studies about the public opinion that showed up in that period were comparable in focus to Bryce's work, but they did not reach the same conclusion, the two authors A. Lawrence Lowell and Walter Lippmann respectively wrote two books, Public opinion and Popular Government (1913) and Public Opinion (1922).
History and Political Science and History and Politics in Contemporary India “History is past politics and politics is present history” . The connection between history and politics is closed and complementary. Politics and political science seem to mean the same, but they are different and share a totally different relationship with history. Politics is the practice of handling power of decision-making in a community where these decisions have an effect on everyone belonging to the community whereas political science is a discipline which generally deals with systems of government and political activity of a particular community or area . This paper intends to look at the relationship between History as a discipline and Political Science and History and Politics.
Within political science, there are several subfields. One of these subfields is the study of comparative politics. The definition of comparative politics is in its name; that is, it compares the politics of different countries in an effort to test theories about how the world works. In political science, there are often theories without clear answers. However, if researchers are able to compare two countries, they are able draw conclusions in ways they wouldn’t otherwise be able to.
Despite the fact that the existing policy framework opens room for civic participation, but it is still in adequate in the health sector and no effective social accountability mechanisms exist. Ensure the development of skills and capacities of community governance - CBIs and CSOs that work with or represent vulnerable groups in the VDCs and Municipalities of Baitadi district in aspects related to the engagement around transparency and accountability in the provision of health services; promote engagement around locally identified issues related with the quality of services provided in the areas of
Much like previous scholarship on the Nuer (Evans-Pritchard, 1940), Barth aimed at offering a study of politics in a part of the world that was analogous with anarchic and “acephalous” political frameworks. An anthropologist often inhabits the role of an outsider, which makes the understanding of certain inherent typologies and models difficult, moreover so with the great waves of decolonization, which brought forth sweeping pervasive changes. This ethnography however does not even acknowledge the possible impact the new state of Pakistan may have had. Criticisms of Barth stem from the lack of any mention of previous political movements in the region that may have had a formative impact on the relations between his subjects of study (Banerjee, 1994). Despite Barth embarking on a radical departure from previous realms of anthropological interest, he work was still intertwined with and influenced by functionalism, a perspective that flourished under the aegis of the colonial
Practical aspects of secondary waste collection system in the city are particularly problematic. Waste containers are inadequate, poorly maintained and supervised improperly. The DCC does not remove waste from the dustbins efficiently due to financial and institutional constraints (Momen, 2002). Owing to the lack of dustbins or containers, primary waste collectors throw waste on open streets in different areas in the city. The Dhaka City Corporation has not yet taken any initiatives to raise awareness of the need for waste segregation at source.
As the research result showed that lack of effective enforcement and implementation of structure plans that would have fixed some of the environmental problems in Kamwenge Town. Further, it was found out that the council lacks human and financial capacities to conduct proper urban planning and management, there is a lack of information, data bank, lack of coordination of the various stakeholders working in the environmental management and failure to sensitize the community on the importance to maintain a clean environment by way of abiding by the urban plans