By definition, computer-mediated communication (CMC) is communication about or by means of computer technology (Thurlow, Lengel, & Tomic, 2004). The transition of computers from highly specialized technology to personal possessions contributed to the increase in investigations relating to CMC (Thurlow, Lengel, & Tomic, 2004). The study of CMC has been widely applied, allowing for discussions of all forms of human communication via the means of a computer. Some of those disciplines through which CMC has been studied include psychology (Gackenbach & Ellerman, 1998; Kiesler, Siegel, & McGuire, 1984), politics (Dahlberg, 2001; Hacker & van Dijk, 2000), and education (Berge & Collins, 1995; McComb, 1994). In addition, CMC has also been widely studied
In defining communication Katherine Miller (2004) stating that "conceptualizations of communication have been abundant and changed substantially over the years ". Its mean communication is erratic and changed pass through generation. There is many way to interpret and define our understanding in communication. Communication theory is a social process in which individuals employ symbol to establish and interpret meaning in their environment. In defining communication theory there is five key terms which is social, process, symbols, meaning, and environment which can make us more understand about it.
Introduction Communication is not about a field of knowledge to understanding the meaning of channel or convey the message, but it is about science social. In other word, communication can define as one activity that we do in our life likes spend time together with other people, sharing the ideas, opinion and think with society (Mansor Ahmad Saman, 1984). Some differences in meanings reflect our unique experiences in relationships and in life (Wood, 1998). Of all the knowledge and skills that we have, communication is the most important and useful. Whether in your personal, or social life, communication will continue to be your most vital asset.
Since the introduction and increasing use of computer networks during mid-1990s, as a mean of creating learning environment, computer-mediated communication is widely used in contribution to learning second language, particularly for English. Many researchers have carried out studies using both synchronous and asynchronous CMC in L2 language learning (Samuel (2001); Perez (2003); Yamada (2009) and Al-sofi (2016) Samuel (2001) investigated computer-mediated communication as a motivator in foreign language learning by doing an experimental study with students in 2 classrooms at Andong National University, South Korea. First class room was taught in conventional way and the other was instructed in computer lab for 50 minutes/ period. This experiment
1.Communication 1.1 Definition. Communication can be said to be trading of considerations, messages, or data, as by discourse, flags, written work, or conduct. It can likewise be known as Interpersonal compatibility. Communication is the craftsmanship and system of utilizing words adequately to grant data or thoughts. The field of study concerned with the transmission of data by different means, for example, print or TV.
For this complexity and in order to provide an accurate definition for the term, communication has been approached from many different disciplines, such as anthropology, psychology or sociology among others. Yet, from a linguistic perspective, the communication process has traditionally been understood as the exchange and negotiation of information between at least two individuals. However, it is important to point out that the information we try to communicate is never fixed; it is constantly changing and qualified by different factors such as the context or the choice of language forms and non-verbal behaviour. For this reason, we may find different types of communication, among others, verbal and-non-verbal, written and oral, formal and informal, or intentional and unintentional
According to this concept as explained by Mathukutty Monippally in his book ‘Business communication Strategies’ (1st ed. New Delhi: Tata Mcgraw-Hill, 2001. Print), in any attempt of communication of any complexity, the message sent is never the same as the message reconstructed. Symbols received are not quite the same as the symbols displayed. The greater the common ground of experience, ideas and attitudes between the two parties, the higher the chances of more successful communication.
In Computer Mediated Communication, two modes can be distinguished: Asynchronous mode which does not require the communicators to be online and available at the same time and place so that communications take place. In other words, Interaction does not need to be simultaneous .In this case, messages are composed offline providing the sender to plan, filter and edit the message .ACMC mode gives the learner more time to read , understand , reflect , and respond to the written message. This type of CMC has been widely used in collaborative writing and brainstorming .It also fosters the critical thinking habits of participants .Examples of ACMC includes Short Message Service (SMS), Bulletin Boards (BBS).On the other hand, Synchronous CMC allow
Theory of Communication Communication (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying intended meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules. 1.1 communication models and systems used in businesses Models of communication refer to the conceptual model used to explain the human communication process. Communication models are systematic representations of the process which helps in understanding how communication works can be done. Communication models can sometimes encourage traditional thinking and stereotyping but can also omit some major aspects of human communication. Methods and channels of communication to be used and the purpose of communication, must be considered before choosing a specific communication model.
With the rapid innovation and worldwide spread of technology throughout the world, computer-mediated communication was made possible. CMC, as defined by Thurlow, Lengel, & Tomic (2004) cited in Norris (2012), is the communication among people through the employment of computers. Though at present, CMC is not just limited to computer sets and laptops, rather, it is also applicable to any electronic device that is capable of sending and retrieving small or even large information, allowing a virtual interaction between two or more people. One of the contributions of computer-mediated communication is the existence of a microblogging social media application, Twitter. Twitter, from a dictionary definition, is a verb which means to utter successive