Sociological Theories Of Crime Essay

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Sociology of Law and Order
The act of examining why people commit crime is very vital because it assists in knowing how crime is handled. Because of this, many theories have come up that try to explain why crime occurs and the possible remedies to the causes. When crime is committed, every society would have its own way of framing laws that can be used to punish lawbreakers. Thus, the kind of punishment given to a criminal depends on the society one is living in. what becomes obvious is that no matter what punishment the society gives, the decision is affected by theories of punishment. This essay focuses on discussing the theories of crime and theories of punishment and applying the concepts to the case of an accused 15-year-old known as ‘X’.
Analysis of Crime Committed by X using Theories of Crime
In order to get insight into why crime is committed, different theoretical explanations are involved. First are the biological theories of crime. These theories focus on the physical body with the view that inherited genes, evolutionary
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In addition to that, punishment against a wrong doer is done so that the rights of both society and offender remain protected.
Another theory that can be used for rationale of punishment is denunciation. In this theory, punishment expresses the condemnation the society has put on the criminal. In other words, this theory is a combination of the retributive and utilitarianism. In the U.S., retribution stands as the most accepted rationale for punishment.
In this case, X can be punished using both utilitarian and retribution ideals. For example, the accused X killed a student was seen as innocent. In order to quench the anger of the locals and friends of L, there will be need for X to be sentenced to a juvenile prison while at the same time undergo rehabilitation inside the prisons.
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