Theories Of Crime: The Sociology Of Law And Order

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Sociology of Law and Order Introduction The act of examining why people commit crime is very vital because it assists in knowing how crime is handled. Because of this, many theories have come up that try to explain why crime occurs and the possible remedies to the causes. When crime is committed, every society would have its own way of framing laws that can be used to punish lawbreakers. Thus, the kind of punishment given to a criminal depends on the society one is living in. what becomes obvious is that no matter what punishment the society gives, the decision is affected by theories of punishment. This essay focuses on discussing the theories of crime and theories of punishment and applying the concepts to the case of an accused 15-year-old…show more content…
From the social disorganisation theory, it is evident that her physical and social environment was not friendly enough to make her have responsible behaviour (Marsh, 2006). As well, factors such as mental illness made her to develop the aggressive behaviour that later led to her committing crime. Theories of Punishment When it comes to punishing X for her misconduct, several factors like being underage as well as theories of punishment would apply. Theories of punishment can be either utilitarian or retributive. The difference is that while utilitarian seeks to discourage wrongdoing, retributive theory seeks to punish offenders because they deserve to be punished. In this case, X committed a crime and should be duly punished but there is also a need to discourage her from committing any more crime especially by addressing the underlying causes of her committing crime. According to utilitarian theories, laws are made to bring happiness to the society. This means that crime and punishment should be kept minimum to ensure there is happiness in the society. The activities of X are criminal and caused sadness to the family of student L. Even though a crime free society does not exist, punishment must be inflicted on wrong doers in order discourage…show more content…
In addition to that, punishment against a wrong doer is done so that the rights of both society and offender remain protected. Another theory that can be used for rationale of punishment is denunciation. In this theory, punishment expresses the condemnation the society has put on the criminal. In other words, this theory is a combination of the retributive and utilitarianism. In the U.S., retribution stands as the most accepted rationale for punishment. In this case, X can be punished using both utilitarian and retribution ideals. For example, the accused X killed a student was seen as innocent. In order to quench the anger of the locals and friends of L, there will be need for X to be sentenced to a juvenile prison while at the same time undergo rehabilitation inside the prisons.

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