Crime and deviance are a greatly discussed topic in the world of sociology. There are numerous theories of why people break laws and violate social norms. While all of them have a way of explaining the possible reasoning behind it, I think that conflict theory does the best job of helping us understand the concepts of why deviance and crime happen. Their beliefs that the most powerful in our society define what is deviant, the reasons that crime is functional and dysfunctional and its idea of strain theory are the most useful in explaining crime and deviance. Functionalist believe that the most powerful in our society are responsible for defining what is deviant or a crime.
This crime was one that was planned. The objective of criminological theories is to help one gain an understating of crime and criminal justice. Speculations cover the making and the infringing upon of the law, criminal and degenerate conduct, and additionally examples of criminal movement All of the listed theories play an important role regarding the reason why Aaron Hernandez committed the
Compare and contrast modeling theory with attachment theory. How do each of these perspectives explain aggressive and/or criminal behavior? Which of these two explanations do you find more compelling? Justify your selection. Modeling theory was developed by Albert Bandura and is used by criminologist when violent acts occur to sometimes explain the reason behind those acts.
To begin with, criminologist work with several reasons, concepts and theories that include several surveys or researches. These methods imply in several cases such as serial killers, sexual assaults and crimes in general. In Paul Bernardo’s case, a serial killer/rapist would be useful as an example that criminologist could use towards using different concepts and theories such as the attachment theory. Criminologists who study this theories, well know a right nor wrong theory exist, in contrast, whichever fits and it’s been well researched becomes considered to be useful. The attachment theory accommodates to figure out the how and why Paul Bernardo committed those crimes.
Pathways theories are the life course a person that lead them to crime. It normally stems from conflict as a child. Merging theories together helps to get more detailed data and better understand the reason behind human actions. Combining theories help to adequately assess an offender's reasoning for committing crimes as well as identifies ways to prevent them from committing additional crimes. Many factors overlap to create delinquent behavior, so combining research and theories is not only a good way of identifying control variables, but also a good way to extinguish
We learn from the things we experience, the things we see, and the people with whom we associate. We learn from our surroundings , experiences, acquaintances, friends, and family. Contends that we learn aggression like any other behaviour-by watching others and imitating their behaviour” (2014). This theory explains that people act and do illegal things because that is all they have been taught. Those in gangs who may use violence to resolve conflict and/or establish a respectable name for themselves have been surrounded with those who do the same thing.
A theory is a set of statements or principles developed to explain a group of facts or phenomena. It has been repeatedly tested and used to make predictions. Theories in this category attempt to explain why an individual commits a crime or delinquent behaviors. The primary goal of criminological theory is to help one gain an understating of why and how certain things are related to criminal behavior (Bohm and Vogel, 2011). Theories dissect the making and the breaking of the law, criminal different behavior, as well as patterns of criminal activity.
2. In criminological/sociological study, what are some of the limitations to defining “crime” as only those actions in violation of criminal law? Do you feel that criminologists should limit their study in this way? Support your response. Crime is learned from a person’s interaction within a given society.
It 's really their choice. If the youth of today wants to break the law; then they should be required to take whatever punishment they deserve, and be tried as adults. They are mature enough to know what’s relatively right and wrong. I think that partially the Act is promoting youth to commit crimes without having the slightest fear of consequences since there are no harsh sentences. Personally I think that if I were to commit a crime, I would be “we should be tough on crime and tough on the causes of crime” – tony Blair (PICTUREQUOTES.com) Overall, the YCJA gives youth several opportunities for rehabilitation but there should be a little more to the consequences.
Classical Criinology- This means that in the Eighteenth century, the social thinkers strongly believed that a criminal who chooses to commit a crime and how this type of behavior can be controlled by judicious type of punishment. Offense-specific crime- This term means that a criminal will react to the characteristics of a certain crime. Offender-specific crime- This term means that an criminal will evaluate themselves on their skills, motives, needs, wants, what they are scared of and thoughts of is this worth it before they decide if they want to try to commit the crime or not. Situational crime prevention- This term means that there are crime prevention methods to try to reduce the likelihood of a crime being committed there. For example would be burglaries and how they would increase the lighting of the homes and also adding security alarms to the homes to prevent or reduce the likelihood of being burglarized.