Russell agrees exactly this- he wants people to help the community and their loved ones but advises to not lose their happiness as a result of it. The happy life as a hedonist would be to live life selfishly- to only care for your own happiness,
The philosopher Ayn Rand believed that an individual’s life is of the utmost importance, as is her well-being. She knew that altruistic ethics require individuals to sacrifice their own wellbeing and lives for the sake of others. With ethical egoism, and will value their own wellbeing above all others. So, she was for ethical egoism. Ayn Rand also had an argument against ethical egoism believing it is a mistake to treat the interest of some individuals as being less important than the interest of others.
This amendment was created to give anyone under the jurisdiction of the law the right to equality, denying states to infringe upon the rights of their citizens. The portion of this amendment that guaranteed citizenship and equal rights became known as the Equal Protection Clause (14th Amendment). One of the purposes of this amendment was to outlaw the notorious black codes that plagued and stood as a reminder of the African American’s previous years of servitude. The prevention of state governments from creating laws that target a specific group declared black codes unconstitutional. However, the individual citizens of states could target and harass African Americans because of the ambiguous language of the amendment(Understanding the 14th Amendment).
Rule utilitarianism is more concerned with fairness and the law. The ultimate goal is to still satisfy and benefit the most people, but only through the most just and fairest means possible. A rule utilitarian seeks to benefit the most people but through the fairest and most just means available. The Deontiological ethical theory is that of duty, coming from the Greek word 'deon '. Duty as in that we are morally obligated to act in accordance with a certain set of principles and rules regardless of outcome.
This because of the nature of civil disobedience, the protestors cannot but win, if they stay true to the process. Almost no matter what the state enforce upon the participants they will look bad doing so. The media loves these stories and people in general loves it, but before and in the midst of these public actions we find two political struggles. Brown v. Board of Education in 1954 and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 both influenced the integration of African Americans in the society. Brown v. Board of Education overturn the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896, where the Supreme Court ruled in favour of stopping segregation of students in public schools.
Comparative analysis of Aristotelian Equality In Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle asserts one cannot live a virtuous and fulfilling life without the presence of a friend, despite the presence of the essential goods. In addition to his point, he states the best friendships are built upon a true equality which in turn builds on the mutual contributions and goodness of the character of the individuals within a friendship. Without equality, Aristotle argues, friendships tend to fall apart either due to eventual conflicts of interest or the friendship outliving it usefulness. However, some might argue the best friendships do not need any equality among individuals and can still produce the benefits of a Aristotle definition of the best friendship. Although this argument suggests the absence of equality produces a better friendship and life, I will defend Aristotle’s view by presenting textual evidence from of Nicomachean Ethics proving otherwise.
He believes that happiness is achieved through a life full of virtue as well as the expansion of reason and the ability of greater wisdom. This is why we take various actions, to ensure enough outer goods to obtain health, leisure time and the ability to have virtue in our lifespan. Furthermore, another point Aristotle emphasizes, is that moral virtue is located somewhere between extremes and deficiency. That’s where the Greek saying “παν μετρον αριστον” comes from, meaning everything is good but don’t over or under do it. Keep everything in moderation, except virtue.
The first thing that must be discussed in order to answer the question appropriately is: What is truth? This is a really difficult question to answer. There is a big difference between something that is believed to be true and something that is true, basically because if something is believed to be true is not completely certain or accurate, could be one way or another. On the other hand something that is true is certain and definitive and no questions are raised, but there are many types of truth as well. According to Daniel Patrick Moynihan “Everybody is entitled to their own opinion, but they're not entitled to their own facts” which means that everyone can believe in what they want, but their facts must be able to be seen and understood
In addition, one should not perform a prohibited action even though it could bring uncountable benefits to society (Kant’s Deontological ethics). Deontology is the opposite of consequentialism. Deontology only focuses on an action that is right or wrong without regarding the consequences On the other hand, consequentialism consists on having the most positive outcome on every situation. (“Deontological Ethics”). The patient and doctor relationship should be based around trust and honesty.
Discrimination shouldn’t be on the basis of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth, etc. This is stated in Article 15 of the constitution. However this does not outlaw the creation of special provisions for women and children. The state has the liberty to make special provisions for socially backward classes and for the educationally backward classes. This includes the SC and STs.