The cognator subsystem responds to inputs from external and internal stimuli that involve psychological, social, physical and physiological factors including regulator subsystem outputs. Cognator control processes are related to the higher brain functions of perception or information processing, judgment and emotion. Problem solving and decision making are the internal processes related to judgment and family, emotion has the process of defense to seek relief, affective appraisal and attachment. Regulator & congator activity is manifested through coping behavior in four adaptive
Uber’s business ideal was easy to copy. There was an absence of faithfulness amid Uber and its Customers. Uber’s drivers are not employees and Uber does not like to hire employee and prefer to call drivers contractors. Also, drivers complain of high costs of fares but then earning low
Groups use two different coping processes to filter environmental stimuli, which are called the stabilizer and the innovator. The stabilizer coping process facilitates accomplishment of the purpose for which the group was formed, through use of the group’s structure, values, and usual activities. The innovator coping process focuses on the mechanisms by which the group changes and
Unlike street work, indoor sex work serves as a safer alternative because indoor sex workers are less exposed to potential risks, such as arrest, that await on the streets. A study by Cunningham and Kendall (2010) found that nearly all arrested prostitutes are street walkers, thus characterizing the statistical advantage of conducting sex work indoors. In addition, Thukral et al. (2005) found that indoor sex workers rarely encounter law enforcement and thus are less at risk for violence or arrest because online mechanisms like the screening processes allow online sex workers to engage in lower risk activity by seeing a smaller volume of clients and more repeat clients as compared to street workers. However, indoor sex workers are not immune to violence or arrest as some indoor workers reported being forced to do something against their will.
People in urban areas are integrated with technology that makes their lives much easier. City life is stressful because cities are noisy and crowded. City people live a luxury life with modernity. In contrast to city, village does not have more facilities to make their lives comfortable. They are still integrated with the basic and traditional way.
Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological systems theory developed by Urie Bronfenbrenner is one of the approaches in developmental psychology that explains how individuals’ relationships with others and with the environment affect their development. Bronfenbrenner classified one’s contexts of development into five subsystems- the microsystem, the mesosystem, the exosystem, the macrosystem and the chronosystem. According to Bronfenbrenner, the systems are like circles within circles. (Bronfenbrenner, 1994) The microsystem, the innermost part, refers to interactions, activities and behaviours experienced by the child in the immediate context. For example, settings like family, school and neighbourhood.
Functionalist perspective define the emotion of fear in terms of being caused by particular patterns of threat-related stimuli and in turn causing distinctive sample of adaptive behaviors to prevent or cope with that danger. Robert C. Bolles (1970) developed the theory ‘Species-Specific Defence Reaction (SSDR). The theory propunded that there are three forms of SSDr’S:flight,fight (pseudo-aggression) or freeze. According to Bolles (1970) intrinsic information from within, such as increased heart rate is more crucial than the external stimuli - the environment.Threat is what elicits fear. In line with functional perspective, it's the response to the hazard itself (i.e unconditioned stimulus: UCS) that directly affects survival.
“as I get older I’m more and more comfortable being alone” (Sienna Miller) Being alone can be both beneficial and adverse the benefits of being alone, you get more done that you need to you get peace and quiet and most importantly no drama. The adverse effects of being alone include depression not a very active social life and people who are alone a lot tend to be more likely to do drugs. Society views people that are alone a lot only with the bad things about it depression drugs basically an unhealthy lifestyle. But being alone does not affect you as much as people say it does cause the people that like being alone find it relaxing cause there not a people person. The benefits of being alone, you get time to do the things you need to get done instead of the things other people want you to do.
However, perhaps due to a busy life, people living in town tend to be more selfish in their attitude. They have no free time to meet with relatives and friends. Sometimes they are unfriendly, and they maintain distant from others. In the town, the criminals do not hesitate to commit crime, violence, killing, and so many crimes and anti-social activities. [So as you all can see, each place has some benefits and limitations.
• Avoidance- Adjust program requirements or constraints to eliminate or reduce risk. This adjust could be accommodated by a change in funding, schedule or technical requirements. • Control- Implement actions to minimize the impact or likelihood of the risk. • Transfer- Reassign organizational accountability, responsibility and authority to another stakeholder willing to accept the risk. • Watch/monitor- Monitor the environment for changes that affect the nature and the impact of the risk.