Readers with a Marxist perspective would look for the oppression of the proletariat by the bourgeoisie. They would perhaps also look at the commodification of people, where people are taken advantage off. They might also focus on how social classes are represented and how they interact or conflict. A feminist perspective
Throughout the arguments by Wollstonecraft and Mill, the customs of society primarily created by men, support the oppression and prejudice against women. In turn, this has impeded the development of a women’s morality. So, what if there were no men to impede women? In 1915, Charlotte Perkins Stetson Gilman proposed a fictional society that was comprised entirely of women in the novel, “Herland”. The society is isolated from the outside world and the women reproduce through parthenogenesis, or asexual reproduction (“Feminist Ethics”).
When the model of family keeps development in the capital society, capitalism can be flourished. Education, law, and religion are three main mental control to strengthen the role orientations. When women try to resist the inequality from law and punishment, they will find the enemy is the capital society instead of the people or man. If women want to come true the real equality, they should reform a new legal system to overthrow the old legal system. In other words, in the end of Marxist theory, reform even revolution become the final method to resolve the inequality and discrimination
In fact, since Marx adopted the theory of conflict, the capitalist exploiter in society is experiencing at the extreme, the proletarian consciousness of the triggers and the fall of the capitalist society and the coming of communism. The Marxist perspective also tries to apply this conflicting
Marxist feminism is the theory, which explores human relation in the society such as sexuality, the domestic production, and the household. The oppression of women is not the result of deliberate action by one of individual, but the product of political structures, society, and economic life where the people live. Therefore, the purpose of Marxist feminism is to describe women‘s basic material weakness, the relations between model of production and women‘s status as well as implementing feminine theory and class on the role of the family. The issue of man‘s domination in economics is one of the important issues to be addressed. It is because the man in A Doll’s House is still a bias gender in the field of domestic work and the involvement of woman in the public sphere.
“I became the mistress of Mr. Glenmurray from the dictates of my reason, not my weakness or his persuasion.”(Opie, 88) As mentioned previously according to moral books and feminine ideology women’s virtuosity was associated with the preservation of their sexual chastity. If that would fail and they would forfeit their most prized quality then a breach of duty towards society would occur. This appears to have been Adeline’s case who, “out of regard to [her] own principles”(Opie, 1999: 41), desired to contract no marriage but to live a free and chaste love with the man of her heart. Clearly the innovative ideology that she tried to propagate was unwelcomed and incompatible with society’s standards, and because of that Adeline was categorized as licentious and lacking all moral values. So, Adeline’s unwed relationship with philosopher Frederick Glenmurray is incompatible with the dictates of England’s patriarchal society.
Conflict Theory and its Description Conflict theory can be considered as the basis for Marxism and communism that highlight and showcases the inequalities that exist in societies. The unavoidably lead to conflict between groups or classes of people and this conflicts ends with revolution and overthrow of the more privileged group of the two. Conflict theory stresses the role of force and power in producing social order. Moreover, the theory is concentrate on how the resource, power and inequality have been distributed. Also it looks at the social life as a completion between the different classes or parties, which ends and result in changes in the society.
As stated by Rummel (1977), Marx observed the society to its main classes, and the struggle amid them as the engine of modification. The arrangement itself was a derivative and ingredient in the conflicts between social classes. As Marx saw the change in class conflict, the brawl between classes were initially narrowed to individual factories. Eventually, the development of capitalism, the rising difference between life conditions of bourgeoisie and proletariat and the aggregate homogenization within each class, individual struggles become generalized to coalitions across factories. Thus, the class struggle is distorted into a working-class revolution.
This paper will explore the question: what does the Communist Manifesto and Leo Tolstoy’s character, Pozdnyshev, say about marriage? The thesis of this essay is that they are largely in agreement; they both believe marriage is an unnatural, hypocritical and an oppressive institution. According to Karl Marx, marriage in bourgeois society is a farce. It is supposed to be hallowed and revered, but it is instead just another way for one class of people to exploit another. Marx claims that the bourgeois do not sincerely love their wives.
In the novelty and strength of the play, Karnad elaborates his mature philosophical exploration of love, jealousy, desire, betrayal and violence between men and women. It presents ties of blood and marriage, intimate personal acts and seriousness of the characters in their religious belief and practice and the promise of motherhood beyond boundaries of marriage as a motivating force. Queen’s refusal to sacrifice the dough cock stems not so much from her non-violence as from the fact that she did not consider sex with the Mahout as harmful or sinful. It is not so much a matter of sacrifice to her; she would have declined any rite or ritual for her act. For her, no ideology or concept should intrude to put down these moments.