A Critical Analysis and Application of the Functionalist Theory The functionalist perspective is based largely on the works of Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, Talcott Parsons, and Robert Merton. The idea of the perspective is quite simple. It is that, as the human body system works, the institutions in the society works interdependently for the proper functioning of the whole; the whole being the entire society. A number of key concepts underpin Functionalism. The primary concepts within Functionalism are collective conscience, value consensus, social order, education, family, crime and deviance and the media.
This technique focuses on the functional value of tasks in improving an individual’s deficits. ABA does not train non-functional skills, in line with the functionalist-behaviourist tradition. Functionalism’s concern for practicality and application has been influential for many psychological and behavioural
Most fields of science rely on theories to explain centrally important issues, such as social phenomena, that have a wide range of applications. Sociologists attempt to describe human society though their theories, such as the structural-functionalism theory, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionalism. While the three theories attempt to describe how society functions the way it does, all three differ in their views of how humans are related to society and each other. In the structural-functionalism, the dominant view is that if the structures that exist are functional, then those structures should be preserved and maintained. Structure-functionalists tend focus on the interrelatedness to the social structures that make up society.
They focus heavily on how different institutions affect social life. If social institutions fail or work poorly, society will have difficulties and might even diminish (Cury, Jiobu, and Schwirian 12). If things do go well, functionalists believe that society will “produce order, stability, and productivity” (“What is the functionalist perspective in sociology?”). For the most part, the functionalist perspective is a very positive way to view a community. It does not challenge the way things are in a society and it believes that
The structural functionalist theory believes everything is a working part of society and is needed to create a sort of well oiled machine and that every part has its own use and needed function. The conflict theory sees every aspect of society as a conflict between two groups for scarce resources and wants to minimize the
Racism and discrimination can take many different forms and can have a negative effect on one’s career, health, and personal development. This paper will use sociological principles in order to analyze examples of the way various aspects of one’s life may be affected by discrimination, prejudice and racist behaviour. Issues of race and ethnic issues can be looked at from conflict theory, a functionalist perspective and the symbolic interactionist perspective. The functionalist perspective, also called functionalism, is one of the major theoretical perspectives in sociology. It has its origins in the works of Emile Durkheim, who was especially interested in how social order is possible or how society remains relatively stable.
Therefore, it provides people with the general basis on which they can develop psychological theories that are not readable and testable through controlled experiments and applied psychology. The whole idea of functionalism first arose in the United States back in the 19th century. During that time, it was used as an alternative to structuralism (Zhong, 2008). Behaviorism, on the other hand, is a psychological approach, which combines different elements of psychology, methodologies, and theory. Therefore, this means that behaviorism is mainly concerned with the observable and measurable aspects of human behaviors.
The exchange theory and ecological perspective states that social conditions are influenced through interpersonal and intergroup transactions. Thus, all four paradigms dominate contemporary American sociology, they all involve the interaction between society’s members, and they all help make practical sense of everyday life. The Functionalism and the Systems Paradigm The functionalism and the systems paradigm states that society has functional needs and that the form of society will change to meet those needs
The theory is a micro sociological theory because it stresses the influence which the significant others have on an individual’s perception of himself which consequently affects the way the individual behaves through constant adjustments. The theory is rooted In the symbolic interactionist perspective which emphasises a micro-level analysis of human behaviour In order to understand the motive and meanings of behaviour. Theorists who come under the umbrella of symbolic interactionist perspective include; George Herbert Mead, Erving Goffman, Herbert Blummer, Howard Becker, Norman Denzin, etc (Ogunbameru, 2013). All theorists under this perspective contributed to the explanation of the individual’s self concept directly or indirectly through their various scholarly expositions acknowledged all over the world. In an effort to do justice to this topic, the following is an outline of the
Structuralism and Functionalism (“America’s psychology”) theories were the first psychology’s approaches. Both functionalism psychology and structural psychology were the mid children of E.B.Tichner, a former graduate student of William Wundt. These two schools “were mostly adversaries and there was little expressive dialog between them” Here is the comparison of two schools of thought Structuralism and Functionalism STRUCTURALISM • Structuralism was based on a notion that the mission of psychology is to examine consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related. For example the structuralists wanted to examine and identify the important components of conscious