Rogerian Theory Of Gender Inequality Essay

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Gender Inequality and the Marxian Theories It is difficult to omit the issue of gender inequalities as well as comparative studies when studying issues dealing with women in SSA. Studies argue that gender inequality spread widely in societies for many years, although scarcely generalized, almost all cultures have to some extent experienced control by men (Goldberg, 1993; Rosaldo & Lamphere, 1974; Sanderson, Heckert & Dubrow, 2005). The only variation is the degree of which gender inequality exercised in each society (Sanderson, Heckert & Dubrow, 2005). The Marxian theories by Engels ([1884] 1970) state that for many years men and women were treated the same. Due to the emerging of human “stratification” progression, men started…show more content…
The colonial regime applied the same regulation to their African colonial countries. In SSA, colonial government ratified laws that eliminated women from employment and from the business formal segments. They accordingly, introduced “gender based division of labor in agriculture,” men produced cash crops and women food crops. Women in Development (WID) activists in the early 1970’s by Easter Boserup, a Danish economist, and writer, criticized this European ideology for agricultural renewal. She realized how discriminatory the system is, as the ‘colonial and post-colonial agriculture” work in favor of men more than women. Other countries like Kenya and Nigeria oversaw the problem joined Boserup, and they protested against the colonial ideas that favored men (Njoh, & Rigos,…show more content…
Schools in SSA region during colonial period were for boys and not for girls (Njoh, & Rigos, 2003). In Cameroon for example, girls had no access to schools, and this includes St. Joseph’s College, the Protestant college, and the government Technical College-Ombe. After independence, many SSA governments continued to follow the colonial education system. In Cameroon for example, girls were not accepted to schools that was meant for boys. Therefore, until recent years there were not many women prepared for formal and business activities. During the independence time, no women were qualified for job employment in the government. The colonial system was the initial of “gender-based social economic” difference which is common in SSA economic system (Njoh, & Rigos, 2003. The UN realizes the difficulties of many women in the developing nations after the industrial capitalism that controlled the long-established economies (Mensah & Antoh, 2005). The UN’s second decade declaration of 1975-1985 for women propagates governments, and non-governmental agencies to acknowledge the role of women in development activities (Moser, 1989, &1993; Blomqvist & Tisdell, 1996; Momsen, 1991; Hay & Stichter 1995; Brydon & Legge, 1996 and Mensah & Antoh, 2005). The industrialized economy modernized production economies and better paid employment

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