While cognitive psychology deals with learning and knowledge, clinical psychology portrays the treatment and research of mental and emotional disabilities, illnesses, and ailments. Although, the most common concept of modern clinical psychology is often associated with the crazy and weird people of society, they would only be half right. Clinical psychology deals with those kind of people and the average person. Most often clinical psychology is used to help with emotional and behavioral issues, but it is also used to help the family and friends caring for the individual understand to help them most efficiently. Chiefly clinical psychology is used treat mentalaiments such as ADHD, anxiety, eating disorders, depression, or autism.
This method is appropriate for the clinical psychology as a treatment way to help the patients to solve their self-conflict by recognizing their emotions, needs or problems. To put it briefly, philosophy provides lots of ideas which contribute the clinical psychology to test it and apply the
The model explains the factors that motivate individuals to engage in behaviour for a healthy living. The health belief model proposes that a person 's health-related behaviour depends on the person 's perception of four critical areas: 1. the severity of a potential illness, 2. the person 's susceptibility to that illness, 3. the benefits of taking a preventive action, and 4. the barriers to taking that action. • The model postulates that health-seeking behaviour is influenced by a person’s perception of a threat posed by a health problem and the value associated with actions aimed at reducing the threat. • HBM addresses the relationship between a person’s beliefs and behaviors. It provides a way to understanding and predicting how clients will behave in relation to their health and how they will comply with health care therapies.
This model views health and illnesses within a social context, where it seeks to create an understanding of the onset of the disease, illness or behaviour. This model also emphasises the “promotion and maintenance of health through the socio-environmental and behavioural changes.” (Gilbert, Selikow, & Walker, 2010) Smoking is a key example of the difference between private and public troubles as stated by Mills (1968) in his book, The Sociological Imagination. (Gilbert, Selikow, & Walker, 2010) Fitzpatrick (1986) also
Health is viewed by different people in either medical terms – as mainly the absence of disease and functional fitness – or social terms – as a ‘resource for living’ embodying positive health and wellbeing. Both viewpoints can be useful in different ways – and together – for reducing health inequalities. Yet, one is definitely preventative in nature, while the other is reparative in nature. On one hand, the medical model responds to poor health, as sick people and those with disabilities are treated, usually in an institution based way. While people get sick for different reasons – including biology and genetics – in terms of health equity, the medical model can be perceived as a service that seeks to repair the poor health outcomes caused
Due to current modern lifestyle which evolved around stressful events, it cannot be denied that people nowadays are more venerable to health diseases or illnesses. These illnesses include physical illness such as cardiovascular disease as well as those of mental illness such as depression. Many health care professionals such as doctors and psychologists have been going all out to help those who are in need. However, different techniques are required to help people physically and mentally. In this essay, we will focus on the psychotherapeutic approach such as cognitive-behavioural therapy used by psychologists to help the society deal with problems such as anxiety disorders.
________________________________________ Introduction to Sociology of Health, Healing and Illness Answer the following questions. 1. Define the term: Medical Sociology The study of health care as it is institutionalized in a society, and of health, or illness, and it’s relationship to social factors. (Page 1 in the textbook) 2. What event(s) led to the birth of social medicine (efforts to improve public health)?
In 1977, George L Engel identified that illness has biological, psychological and sociological dimensions. This can be used in the diagnosis and management of illness by identfying the reasons for patients presenting to doctors and dealing with the true causes. A key point to note is Engel 's differentiation between the similar terms 'illness ' and 'disease '. Illness is the subjective experience of ill health. Disease, on the other hand, is a pathological phenomenon which may be the cause of illness, but disease can also occur in the
The more traditional framework that would have been used would have been the scientific biomedical framework. This framework is a model that does not take into consideration the psychological and social factors which may be contributing to a person’s illness; the illness is simply seen in biological terms. This ideology is far outdated, and one can see this simply by reading the WHO’s most recent definition of health, mentioned in the opening of this paper. This model views medications as the resolution to all illnesses, however we know that in today’s society, medications can often cause further problems- for example the creation of superbugs such as MRSA in the hospital system, bugs that as a result of overexposure to antibiotics have now become immune to the medication’s effects, and can therefore be detrimental to a patient’s health. By choosing to concentrate merely on biological impacts on health, a vast array of other factors, such as the environment, the money invested in public health care systems and many more, are ignored.
Psychology determines what people perceive to feel and behave, but underlying it all, ultimately determining the way we act, feel and behave, is biology. A biological perspective is relevant to psychology in the study of how the nervous system and hormones work, how the brain functions and how changes in structure and/or function can affect behavior (McLeod, 2007). One example of a psychological field which incorporates biology is Psychobiology. Psychobiology, also known as behavioral neuroscience, is the study of the biological substrates of behavior and mental processes. It utilizes the application of the principles of biology to the study of physiological, genetic, and developmental mechanisms of behavior in humans and animals.