Theories Of Job Satisfaction

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Introduction According to Robbins (1998)”Job Satisfaction is a general attitude towards one’s job, usually explained by the difference between the amount of reward workers receive and the amount they believe they should receive” Job satisfaction is the collection of feelings and beliefs people have about their jobs. There are numerous theories of Job Satisfaction.1) Content theories-Abraham Maslow hierarchy needs and Herzberg’s two factor theory. Content theory suggests that Job Satisfaction occurs when one’s needs for growth and self actualization are met by the individual job.2) Process theories-Adams(1963 )and Vroom’s Equity theory,1982) these theories attempt to explain Job satisfaction by looking at expectancies and values. 3) Situation theories the situational theories suggest that Job satisfaction is an attitude rather than a behavior The importance of job satisfaction is obvious . A number of reviews were done that establish relationship between job satisfaction and productivity(G. Bassett,1994).Several studies show that employees who were dissatisfied with their jobs were proving to health setbacks, ranging from headache to heart diseases. Some researches even indicate that job satisfaction is a better predictor of length of life span than is physical condition. Job satisfaction is important for the growth of society as a whole because when people are happy with their jobs , it improves their lives off the job. In contrast the dissatisfied person carries that

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