Thrasymachus continues to claim his position but in a modified form of his first argument, after Socrates commented. Being unjust, Thrasymachus thinks, is better than being just because it 's stronger and leads to a more happy life. As before he, he only takes into consideration only the advantages or disadvantages of being just, and he doesn 't discuss what 's justice or how it plays a role in people. Essentially, this definition is an extreme extension of the previous one. The example he gives that a tyrant gets happy through being unjust and controlling draws us back to his first argument saying that ‘ruling being the advantage of the stronger '.
Plato’s Republic Book II covers many topics such as the three types of good, finding the origins of justice, why reputation matters when thinking of justice, and the start of finding justice in an ideal city. With Thrasymachus and Polymarchus gone, Glaucon, Adeimantus, and Socrates continue the debate about justice. Glaucon has asked that Socrates prove that justice is the preferred choice. Glaucon starts by asking Socrates where he thinks justice lies in his three definitions of good. The first type is a sort of good we choose to have, not for its consequences, but for its own sake – like smelling a flower or watching the sunset.
Proctor talks good about the people who decided not to confess. He Doesn't want to say anything that will harm them. Proctor doesn't think he’s doing the right thing by confessing and wants to change his mind to do the right thing. John proctor is successful in helping his friends be
His goal was to make the court understand his beliefs prove which type of knowledge is worth knowing. When talking about the wise man he examined, Socrates said, “Neither of us actually knows what Beauty and Goodness are, but he thinks he knows, even though he doesn’t; whereas I neither know nor think I know.” This shows that Socrates proved he was more wise than the titled wise man because instead of faking the knowledge, that wasn’t too important, he accepted that he did not know which would result in him then seeking for
Socrates contradicts Gorgias when he says “Communities shouldn’t hold trainers responsible and banish them for what a boxer does with his boxing” (Socrates 22). So Socrates questions how they would be immoral if they were taught to be moral. He uses logos to win his argument against Gorgias by having him admit to Socrates being right. Gorgias thinks a teacher cannot be accountable but then admits people who are taught morality don’t necessarily have to be moral. When a rhetorician abuses the power of rhetoric, his teacher should not be blamed because he teaches the knowledge to be used correctly.
In response to the choice of Street Sweeper, Equality thinks, “We knew we had been guilty, but now we had a way to atone for it” (26). With his intelligence and curiosity, Equality would do much better as a Scholar. The government punishes him for being different, and as a result, they can’t see him become advantageous. They are blinded by their beliefs on
The importance of “The Apology” and Socrates is that he served as a symbol towards the fundamental question of the “why” in life. Socrates argues that in a society like Athens where the ability to ask these types of questions are denied, the overall happiness of its citizens will eventually perish. The reason being that material objects can only satisfy the soul for so long. This is why Socrates felt that it was his duty to remind the leaders of Athens of the importance of their humility. He chose to seek wisdom within himself
Virtue is the central theme of the work, and virtue itself is the ‘good life’ as described by Socrates which results from the proper practices of several principles. The argument Socrates makes about one living a life of virtue and righteousness over that of a power hungry tyrant does not focus itself around the concept of an afterlife as a reward. Socrates makes several arguments throughout the dialogue that progressively build to explain what a good life entails, and does not rely on the idea that an afterlife has to be present for one to desire to live a life of virtue. Plato’s concluding story holds Socrates discussing the myth of death.