Theories Of Juvenile Crime And Violence

2051 Words9 Pages
CRIMINAL LAW AND JUSTICE

Word count: 2000

Table of Contents
Problematic issues caused by ‘Street Gangs’ 3
Modern Trend in Juvenile Crime and Violence 5
Drug, crime and public policy…………………………………………………………………..7
Theories of Criminology………………………………………………………………………….9
Models of criminology…………………………………………………………………………11
Bibliography……………………………………………………………………………………13

1. Problematic issues caused by ‘Street Gangs’:
Street gangs and associated problems is a complex issue to describe as they are growing strong and wittier as they have started their activities using technology and internet. The crucial matters that Criminal Justice System is facing about the street gangs and their related activities of violence and drugs can
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Determining the mental health and the emotional stability of an offender leads to give a better understanding of why they commit crime. In recent years, the youth crime is controlled with carefully analyzed and designed procedures including the study of what behaviors lead them to commit crime. The trend analysis showed that the youth crime has declined as compared to past years. It is a sign of peaceful society indeed but the efforts which led this happen are more important to explain. In US, the youth criminal in the custody of police is low and as state has attempted to use ‘evidence based programming’ to control youth crime. (Turner, 2011) The trends in juvenile crime are better analyzed through the media reporting the crime rate as well as the media has helped to provide the information which presents the insights to why and how crime happen and what is the core issue behind the crime. Theory also suggests that the youth self-reporting is also a vulnerable mean of assessing variation over time in law-breaking behaviors. (Mears, Cochran, Greenman, Bhati, & Greenwald,…show more content…
The history shows the fact that age and background specific youth is involved in juvenile crime. The initial motive to carry a gun is for self-defense, other crime such as drug dealing, violence, robbery and others calls for special attention as they are initiated because of emotional instability. The recent statistics presented on media showed the young adults from a lower income family are involved in such crime for the sake of money and the ones who belong to rich background are involved in drug dealing mostly because of lack of attention being paid to them leads to explore the world negatively. However, the reduction in juvenile crime has been reported due to the efforts of imprisonment, social awareness, policing and reducing the opportunities to enter in the drug dealing matters. This has also shaped the youth behaviors towards drugs and violence. (McCord, Widom & Crowell,
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