Theories Of Juvenile Delinquency

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SOCIOLOGICAL POSITIVISM In every society, there are certain norms and cultural expectations that each member should conform to. There are certain sociological theories that explain the linkage of not conforming to such expectations. They focus on explaining that crime is socially constructed. So there is a need as the whole society to come up with measure or remedies to correct such deviant behaviour. This is because crime is a threat to the society, it violates the people’s private rights of security. In a society, there are various causes of crime and also the rate at crime is committed differs, also offenders differs. We have juvenile who often commit crime. There comes in the ideas of Park and Burgess, Clifford Shaw and Henry McKay created of the Social Disintegration theory in explaining Juvenile delinquency. This theory believes that crime rates are bound to the environment in which they are found. It looks at how social disorganization leads to the crime, committed by juveniles and how parents and families influence their children’s behavior. Delinquency areas have lower levels of social control over their youths. Children do not listen to their parents. The findings of the theory dictates that parents often encourage rather than discourage criminal behavior. This include instances where parents are not good role models to their children and so their children copy their criminal behavior. In such a disorganized society, there are high chances of criminal acts such

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