Second Language Acquisition- A literature review of the critical period hypothesis: are children more prone to learning a second language? The world human beings live in is rising due to an unstoppable tide of technology merging all cultures into one. This requires that individuals learn more than one language to fulfill their vocational and social duties in general. Ever since the beginning of time, individuals used different forms of language to communicate; this has distinguished them from animals, some used drawings, others used letters and finally humanity developed in a way to reach the ultimate idea of language and grammar. Language is one of the major tools of communication amongst human beings; cognitive psychologists thus thrive to
Language acquirers are not usually conscious of the fact that they are acquiring language, but the aye only aware of the fact that they are using the language for communication. The stages of language acquisition is approached by two stages language acquisition that ; first language acquisition ( native language development ) and second language acquisition. 1. Stages of First Language Acquisition Babling Stage In this stage, we make speech sounds in and out of mother (native) language, moreover we also able to discriminate speech sound. - 0 – 2 months, baby accomplish crying, in this stage baby will cry to express hunger and discomfort.
His books; Krashen has writes many books in the area of second language acquisition involve the following ; The power of reading ,principles and practice in second language acquisition , the natural approach; language acquisition in classroom , educating English learners ; language diversity in the classroom , second language acquisition and second language learning , foreign language education the easy way , the input hypothesis ; issues and implications , fundamentals of language education. The five hypothesises of second language acquisition; 3- 1-the acquisition / learning
Humans have been using the language for long centuries. It is very important to communicate with each other in daily life, but how do people acquire the language?! Scientists research in this topic for a long time, and define, acquire language in two categories: first-language acquisition that acquires by listening to the sound in the surrounding environment, then begin to imitate them and producing words, and the second-language acquisition learn the elements of a new language such as vocabulary, grammatical structure, and writing. In addition, there are three theories about the second language acquisition, each one of them has a different view.
Abstract: This paper is about the link between innateness and language acquisition.On the one hand, innateness is the genetic ability of human beings to acquire language. That is, humans are born with a genetic capacity to acquire any language they are exposed to. On the other hand, language acquisition is the process of getting the language unconsciously through communicating with people in a society. This paper presents some ideas about innateness, language acquisition, mentalism, lateralization, environment and some more important opinions of scholars in this respect. 1.
Someone with second language acquisition is becomes able to use one or more language different from first language. This ability can start at adult or childhood. Age is one of the important factors affecting the process of a second language acquisition. Research related this subject has emphasized two major of language acquisition. These; the younger is better and the older is better.
The Aim on Language Learning Strategies This study exposed language learning strategy use of English learners, looked at the relation between second language proficiency and language learning strategy, and estimated any differences in strategy use by gender. So important is the role of strategy use in learning a second language that some theorists have included it in their models of second language learning (e.g. McLaughlin 1987; MacIntyre 1994) (Goh 1997). 2.3. Classification of Learning Strategies Number of literatures defined language learning strategies as strategies that language learners build in order to cause the development of the language system which affect learning process shortly (e.g., Rubin, 1987; Stern, 1975; Wenden, 1987).
In the book “Study of language” Yule (2010) acquisition is defined as “the gradual development of ability in a language by using it naturally in communicative situations with others who know the language.” (p.187). In other words, acquisition is a process where the learner get a language in a natural way without any specific teaching method. This process is similar to the way a child acquires the first language. The learner's need for a constant use of the target language as the only way of communicating leads to a natural understanding of the messages and subsequently the acquisition. This process occurs in a natural manner, free from either rule or guidance involved.
I second this statement because I believe that the acquisition of language is innate but the development of the language is parallel with what the child’ experiences and social interaction with their family, school, society. These insomuch will develop the child’s knowledge of language
INTRODUCTION Language is the system of symbols and rules that enables us to communicate with other people. Language acquisition is the process of adapting a native or second language to perceive and comprehend the language through exposure. Second language acquisition (SLA) is focused more on English as second language compared to other languages because Malaysian mostly used English as the second language. Learning on the other hand, is the term used referring to the conscious study of second language whether in formal or non-formal situation. In simpler term, second language acquisition is the subconscious or conscious processed by picking up other languages other than the mother tongue in natural or tutored situation.