Theories Of Migration

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Migration Theories and Review of literature
This chapter deals with the theories of migration and review of literature of the existing studies. Major Theories of Migration
Migration is viewed as the concomitant result of industrialization and urbanization and relates to special differences in employment opportunities. Human migration is a universal phenomenon. It is a process through which people move from a permanent place of residence to another more or less permanent one for a substantial period of time (Chakravarthi, 2001; Chand, 2002 and Singh et al; 2001).
Marxian view
Marx considers migration as a part of dialectical materialism. Marx in the volume III of capital wrote that capitalism is the most dynamic mode of production in the
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These wage differences are usually linked to geographical labour demand and supply. This resulted in the transfer of labour from low wage areas to high wage areas. Neo classical economic theory is best used to describe transnational migration because it is not confined by international immigration laws and similar government regulations. The basic model Lewis (1954) and Ranis & Fei (1961) that grew out of trade theory assumes perfect market and labour surplus in the traditional agricultural sector that is absorbed by modern sector. Workers in the rural areas are pulled by positive wage differential and migrate to the urban…show more content…
Trade with one country, which causes economic decline in another, may create incentive to migrate to a country with a more vibrant economy. According to this theory, migration follows the dynamic of market creation and structure of the global economy, but more individual motivations are not considered.
Network Theory
The network theory of migration does not look at the determinants which initiate migration but rather at what perpetuates migration in time and space (Massey et al. 1993). Network Theory (Boyed, 1989) shows that migrants, potential migrants, returnee migrants and non migrants in place of orgin and destination are connected through kinship, friendship and ethnicity. According to this theory an expanding network increases the likelihood of migration, as the social capital that lies embedded in these personal ties reduces the costs and risks of

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