Theories Of Modernisation And Development

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The objective of this document is to synthesize the main aspects of the theory of modernisation and development. There are explanations to interpret development efforts carried out especially in developing countries. For the purpose of this paper, the term modernisation is understood as the transformation from a traditional, rural and agrarian society to an industrial society. Therefore, to modernise society is to industrialise it. Modernisation theory according to Mouton (2001; 27) refers to the transformation which takes place when a traditional society changes to an extent that new forms of technological organisational or social characteristics of an advanced society appears. Features that are associated with modernity can be shown to be related to the set of changes that brought into being the industrial type of society. Hence, industrialism is a way of life that encompasses profound economic, social, political and cultural changes. It is undergoing the comprehensive transformation of industrialisation that societies become modern. (Kumar, 2016) Modernisation includes different disciplines as it seeks to explain how society progresses, what variables affect the progress and how societies can react to that progress. Modernisation theory encompasses the world of globalisation, where cultural morals and ideas are easily spread throughout the world, leading to a sort of universal culture that serves as a baseline for all cultures. Modernisation is concerned with economic

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