Gibson Zachariah PSY 101 2015/09/13 Study Guide Chapter 8 Definition of Motivation: The driving force that spurs one into action. Ex: Many college students can’t motivate themselves to do work until exams begin, where the potential of failing spurns students everywhere into last minute cram sessions in the hopes they will pass. Components of
The first one is Maslow’s need theory which is a motivational theory that illustrates the five types of human being needs in hierarchical pyramid structure. The first type of Maslow’s hierarchy is psychological need such as air, food, shelter, water. The second type is safety needs such as security from outside threats and freedom from fear. The third type is belongings need such as friendship, trust and acceptance, receiving and giving affection and love. The forth type is esteem needs such as self-respect and to be respected from others. The fifth type is self-actualization which realizing personal potential and
Self-Determination Theory (SDT) was conceived by Edward L. Deci and Richard M. Ryan. This theory is concerned with human motivation, personality, and optimal functioning. For the purpose of SDT and work motivation, motivation is considered the core of biological, cognitive, and social regulation. Instead of just looking at the amount of motivation, self-determination theory focuses on different types of motivation. SDT focuses on people’s inner motivation. SDT assumes that people naturally self-motivate themselves and that success inherently is the greatest reward, not just external rewards or outcomes. The theory also recognizes that people can become stagnant and passive in their behavior. SDT accounts for this division by examining
Some early theories of motivation are, Hierarchy of Needs Theory, Theory X & Y, Two-Factor Theory and McClelland’s Theory of Needs. They are applicable in different ways, as listed below.
Business ethics also referred to as corporate ethics can be considered as either a form of applied ethics or professional ethics. Its purpose is to analyse ethical principles and also moral as well as the ethical problems that might arise in a business environment. Business ethic is applicable to all parts of business conduct and also takes into consideration the conduct of individuals and the business organizations as a whole. Business ethics can be divided into normative and descriptive discipline. For the purpose of this assignment, the Nestle Company has been chosen. First an overview of its ethical issues shall be presented, followed by the company’s attitude toward corporate governance and its CSR activities shall be discussed.
Nestlé’s Corporate Social Responsibility consists of looking further then the own company needs or profits and pay more attention to other stakeholders. Everyone concerned or connected to the company business will get a closer look on their situation and will be treated right. They divide the stakeholders in two categories; the first being the internal stakeholders such as employees and shareholders. The second category is external stakeholders where we find the suppliers, customers, environment and so on.
Corporate businesses generally have to meet ethical, legal, commercial and public expectations. That is what is expected of the business world today. This is known as the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). However, businesses with short-term goal will rarely practice CSR since practicing it does not bring any benefit. On the contrary, the practice of CSR is an important consideration for long-term investment as it can help generate more profit in the future. In this report, Nestlé would be one of the good examples to illustrate those concepts.
In the movie titled “The Pursuit of Happyness”, there was a problematic family living in San Francisco in 1981. The main character, Chris Gardner worked as a salesman invested his entire life savings in portable bone density scanner to support his family including his wife Linda and a five years old son Christopher. However, Chris’ business is not doing well and his wife was forced to work. Day after day, Linda was suffering and she always quarrelled with Chris and blamed him didn’t play the role as a responsible father and a good husband. Luckily, this was not the end for Chris. One day, he met his turning point, Jay Twistle, a manager from Dean Witter. He offered Chris with a stockbroker at the end of a six-month unpaid training period. During that
Differentiated instruction is a support or concept for effective teaching that involves showing students with different ways to learning. According to Bearne (1996). “ differentiated instruction corresponds to an innovative approach through which educators whatever their subject area, are able to bring modification to curricula, teaching methods, usage of educational sources and resources, learning events or activities as well as assessment and evaluation methods.” Differentiation in simple words means tailoring instruction to meet individuals needs that is student needs in the school context. Differentiated instruction is the way a teacher anticipates and responds to a variey of students need in class. According to Mary Ann corley, differentiated
Back in 1984, Beer et al developed the Harvard model of the HRM. Beer et al believe that the human resource is passes many of pressures nowadays, therefore, eliminating the pressures is required. These pressures could be eliminating by having a long-term perspective in terms of controlling people and potential assets rather than just variable costs. As a result, Beer et al approach the Harvard Model of the HRM. The purpose of this model is to solve the pressures that may occur in the HR of any organizations; these pressures include all management decisions that will affect the relationship between the organizations and their workers, in addition to a clear plan for the HRM policies and procedures by the manager of
Nestle is a Swiss based multinational food and beverage company Nestle was founded in the year 1867 by Henri Nestle (German Pharmacist) in Switzerland. Nestlé’s products include baby food, bottled water, coffee and tea, dairy products, ice cream etc. Nestle setup its first factory in India in the year 1961 in Moga, Punjab. The other factories are located in Karnataka, Goa, Haryana and Tamil Nadu. In India, the first factory was setup in order to sell ‘Nescafe’, their coffee product which was well known in other parts of the globe by then. Nestlé now has nearly 150 factories in 195 countries. The share value of Nestle has increased by a massive 28% in past one year to 6400.
Nestle is a multinational company which has got its headquarters in Vevey Swiss. By the measure of its revenues it is the largest food and beverage company in the world. The Nestle company began around 1860s.It was started by a person called Henri Nestle when he came up with the first baby formula. In 1905 Nestle mergered with another company called Anglo –Swiss Milk Company which was established in 1866 by George and Charles who were brothers but retained its original name. The new Nestle company started new factories in many countries like Britain, Spain, Germany united states and Australia. During the First and the second world war the company grew significantly and started manufacturing variety of products. The Nestle company has made a good number of acquisitions which includes, Findus in
Nestle is considered one of the largest food and beverage company worldwide. Nestle first opened its factory in 1866 in New Zealand and have successfully grow and recognize all over the world. Today, nestle own branches almost in every country in Europe, South America, Asia and other continents. The products that they produce are coffee, bottled water, milk products, tea, breakfast cereals, biscuits, baby food and many more. Looking at their annual report, their revenues clearly state that they are the most preferred food and beverage. This is due to their good management and other factors as well. The management of Nestle uses the best process which guarantees decent and productive running of the business. Besides that, the company utilizes
We use SWOT analysis to determine the performance of Nestle in Malaysia and 7Eleven. SWOT stand for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. The companies that under our observations received their Halal certificate from Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia (JAKIM). Nestle had full filled Malaysian standard and this document had undergone the process required by International Standardization Organization (ISO). Nestle branches in Malaysia also received Grad B in sanitary premise from local authority. According to the Ministry of Welfare, Housing and Local government in Guidelines in Grading System of food premises, there are 4 grads. The range for grad A is 80-100 percent, grad B for 71-85 percent, grad C for 51-70 percent and the worst