Nursing theories are developed in steps that help explain the process; statement/proposition development, concept development, and theory construction are the steps involved in nursing theory development. In healthcare, nurses must examine several factors that impact the deveopment of theory. Simplicity is important for understanding of theory; it is often suggested to utilize the same usage of words through out theory development. Theory development is often applied in research and practice. “In nursing, theories stimulate nurse scientists to explore significant problems in the field of nursing” (McEwen & Wills, 2014, p. 82).
The theoretical framework gives a detailed reason to why the highlighted research ques-tion exists. Orem’s self-care deficit theory of nursing is the theoretical framework relat-ing to this research because the theory is further divided into three sub-theories in which requisite are line with the following: Individual stages of development and goals, Health conditions, Developmental states, Energy consumption and expenditure, Atmospheric conditions and also the theory gives room to investigate possible causes of malnutrition alongside nurse’s intervention by assessing the need for care, approaches and required interventions. According Orem in 2001, nursing can be viewed as part of the health sector that provides authorized care to individuals.
Härkänen, M., Voutilainen, A., Turunen, E., & Vehviläinen-Julkunen, K. (2016). Systematic review and meta-analysis of educational interventions designed to improve medication administration skills and safety of registered nurses. Nurse Education Today, 41, 36–43. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2016.03.017 This journal suggests evaluating the nature, quality and effectiveness of education intervention in order to promote enhanced the medication administration skills and safety in hospitals for registered nurses. There are using methods such as narrative analysis of the nature of the interventions, the effective public health practice project quality assessment tool to the quality of studies, calculating effect sizes and a meta-analysis is used for the effectiveness of the interventions.
As per the ontology of nursing discipline Nurse patient relationship is the core of discipline. Discipline is, “the study of humanness in the health circumstance” Smith and McCarthy(2010). Cited Lichfield and Jondorsdottir. Nursing has a disciplinary goal to contribute the health of individual and the overall health of society. As per the ontology of nursing practise nursing is Relationship centered care.All nursing theories are greatly influenced by philosophical assumptions and it helps to describe nursing practice, education and research Meleis( 2011) “Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups and communities, sick or well and in all settings.
In the past decade or so, increasing numbers of hospitals and academic programs in the United States and other parts of the world, have begun to use Watson’s Theory of Human Caring in very specific ways. Watson’s theory can serve as a guide to changing nursing practice. It can change the culture of hospital nursing and academic nursing (Watson, 2009). Watson’s caring theory can be incorporated into many current nursing interventions. Some of them would include active listening, preventing falls, preventing illness, controlling pain, promoting self-care, and restoring health.
Nursing practice mostly is based on nursing theories which makes the nursing discipline a profession. The nursing theories have differentiates focus of nursing from other profession. Nursing theories provide direction and guidance for structuring professional nursing practice, education and research. Besides, nursing theories serve to guide on assessment, intervention and evaluation of nursing care in order to provide effective decision making and implementation quality of nursing care. Hence, I would like to implement Dorothea Orem’s self-care theory in my clinical area of practice.
The threorectical foundations of nursing is broad and enriched in nature as it has evolved over the years to meet practicioner’s and patient needs. These needs include patient care, ethics, and researach. An examination of nursing’s theorectical foundations helps to understand how nursing has evolved over the years. This is important because as professionals we must learn from the past to better serve our patients in the future as our proffesion evolves to meet new social and medical challenges Grand Theory The nursing theory that most relates to my field of practice is grand theory. Grand theories are very significant to nursing and usually involved in areas of research and clinical practice (McEwan, 2014).
Dorothea Orem’s self-care deficit nursing theory is one such nursing theory that has been reworked to take into account the changes in our world, while still maintaining the initial framework (Taylor & Renpenning, 2011). Purpose of Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory Dorothea Orem (as cited in Taylor & Renpenning, 2011) described her purpose in formalizing the Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory as a way of defining the structure of nursing and explaining knowledge, rules and roles of nursing. Orem was attempting to answer the question of why, when and how a nurse is needed in the care of a patient (Smith & Parker, 2015). According to Younas (2017), self-care deficit nursing theory is also a practical effort to delineate the patient role along with that of the nurse. The purpose of this theory, being to define both nurse and patient roles and nursing as a profession, is seen as a strength of the self-care deficit nursing theory.
INTRODUCTION: This contextual project consists of 10 concept from the block 1 study with the title “Research and Nursing Research”. The meaning of each concept will be clarified, critically analyzed and applied to social context, personal life and current professional life. The usefulness of the concept to the current world will also be explained. 1. CONCEPT 1-EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE IN NURSING This concept was deducted from module 2 with the topic “Concept of Evidence-based practice”.
It is important in nursing practice for continuing advancements for promote optimal nursing care. Polit and Beck (2008) suggested that research is a growing field in which individuals within the profession can contribute a variety of skill and experience to the science of nursing care. For new graduate nursing students, they can base on basic knowledge from school and research to future experience and exposure. Research provide the basic evidence or new development for nurses to practice the treatment on provide optimal care. As we all know, nasogastric tube insertion is a common treatment to patients who cannot eat by mouth.