Introduction Child development and growth observation can be quite fascinating considering the uniqueness of each child. As children grow, they normally develop and acquire new skills whether complex or not. The abilities experienced by each child progresses differently that is depending on the nurturing given by the parent or guardian and on the characteristics that they inherit. Proper development and growth of the child occurs when basic needs are provided by the reliable adult guardians including such things as love, food, encouragement, shelter and warmth. The essay evaluates child development and growth through observation conducted by myself on my nephew.
A child's development of their cognitive, emotional, language, physical, and social skills in an age-specific, sequential pattern is usually referred to as child development milestones. They explain each new achievement the child has made as a progression from previous milestones. Parents and pediatricians find them extremely useful as they act as a guide to the normal progression of the child's skills through each ensuing stage of their development such as infancy, toddler, preschool, and school age. The charts used for development milestones are usually displayed to depict the varying ages and paces at which the child reaches specific milestones.
He emphasize that the way children reason at one stage is different from the way they reason at another stage . The first stage, is called the sensorimotor stage which extends from birth to age about two. In this stage, infants build an understanding of the world by integrating with experiences such as seeing and hearing with physical, motoric actions. Infants obtain knowledge of the world from the physical actions they carry out on it. Piaget 's divide sensorimotor stage into six-sub stages.
Having the right knowledge, skills and experience in understanding how children or young people develop are very important tools for early years practitioners. We must put to mind that each child born to this world is unique; they are born with different characters and their personalities and behaviours are formed and influenced by variety of factors. These factors may affect their ways of interacting to the environment and community or setting in which they live in. In my experience as a child care practitioner most of the time, adults mainly focus on the physical development of a child and so quick to base their conclusion or judgement on the physical aspect.
Crain and Lillo-Martin state that “language is not a concrete set of things out in the world that we can point out to or measure rather; it is something inside our brains and minds”. The LAD in a child’s mind will eventually help the child to make sense of the language that develops through social interactions and experience. The LAD within the child’s brain makes it easy for them to understand the language. This claim is in coherence with Bruner (1957) who claims that, “Children are not little grammarians, motivated to decode the syntax of the language around them through the operation of their LAD, but social beings who acquire language in the service of their needs to communicate with others”. I second this statement because I believe that the acquisition of language is innate but the development of the language is parallel with what the child’ experiences and social interaction with their family, school, society.
Having the right knowledge, skills and experience in understanding how children or young people develop are very important tools for early years practitioners. We must put to mind that each child born into this world is unique. Children are born with different characters, their personalities and behaviours are formed and influenced by a variety of factors. These factors may affect their ways of interacting with the environment and community or setting in which they live in.
CDL Assignment Q3. How do nature and nurture interact with one another to determine the development of an individual? Discuss with specific reference to physical and motor development. The interaction between nature and nurture play an important role in determining the development of an individual as they are interrelated and it is a dynamic interplay between the genes and the external environment which begins at conception and continuous throughout one’s life due to the nature of adaptability and plasticity we as humans possess.
Jean Piaget, a psychologist commonly known for his theory of cognitive development that observes and describes how children mentally develop through childhood. He believed that children think and organize their world meaningfully, but different from adults. Piaget’s sought out through cognitive development that children children go through four stages of mental development stages Sensorimotor Child (birth-2), Preoperational (2-7), Concrete Operational (7-11), and Formal Operational (12+). Throughout these stages outside influences force children to grow cognitively, one way being through books and illustrations.
Psychology, being the scientific study of the human mind and its functions, is becoming a more prominent study in younger ages. In child psychology, there are many factors that contribute to the cognitive development of children, adolescents, and young adults. These factors can be categorized into three main topics: environmental factors and how it changes the neurological system, risks of social behavior due to the different mental states, and hormonal changes adding to psychological imbalance. Lifestyle, social relationships, childhood experiences, family life, and what they take into their mind can have multiple effects on their newly forming mental health patterns. Adolescents need constant approval, require love and attention, and a sense of want or belonging to feel needed.