However, the differences between the two were the focused of the report. Bergen &Fromberg (2006) focused on importance of play and social interaction in middle childhood. American Academy of Pediatrics (2007) on the other hand, focused on importance of play in promoting healthy child development and maintaining strong parent-child bonds. A research on the power of play was conducted by Dr. White (2012). The study focuses on how children can benefit from play and imagination in early childhood.
In general, playing is the mutual popular activity among children because playing is fun and flexible, it can be personal, with the presence of others or with the social presence of others (De Kort & Ijsselsteijn, 2008). The researchers and experts believe that the power of play has an important psychological role in children’s development, as reinforced by Sutton-Smith (1993, p. 279) using “play as progress” and “play ethos” by Peter Smith (1988, p. 166) both cited in Pellegrini (1995). Goldstein (2012) stated that pretend play is one of the common types of interactive social play among 2- to 6-years-old children. He also mentioned that as children grow, the nature and function of pretend play will also change from simple imitation to more
They become more and more interested in playing and interacting with other children. When playing with others, children learn appropriate social behaviors, such as sharing, cooperating, and respecting the property of others. In addition, while interacting with their peers, children learn three domain of learning without recognizing it: the cognitive, affective and psychomotor. As children 's grows older, their competent in social interaction changes by whom he/she encountered. They gain a lot of social skill that boosts their self esteem to interact with others (stance.org).
In this essay I will discuss the purposes of play in learning and development in early childhood. I will also support my perspective with analysis of my observations of children’s play. Play in early childhood is vital in children developmental process as it contributes to the development of their cognitive development, social skills, emotional regulation and boosts their physical confidence. Play is how children begin to understand and process their world. Children's play unlocks their creativity and imagination, and develops reading, thinking, and problem solving skills as well as further develops motor skills.
Benefits of this were increased hand strength, double the arm movement and use, and the use of “goal-directed” movements instead of repetitive exercises (Guarini). Also, in a separate study, gamers who played shooting focused games had improved vision and could better see subtle changes in brightness (Guarini). Video games have a positive effect on the physical bodies of people as they help the human body improve in the aspects of where it is used, causing in positive developments for the player. Games also help develop the mind, as according to Guarini, a study found that “[T]he gaming group had a rise in grey matter in the right hippocampus, right prefrontal cortex and the cerebellum-areas of the brain responsible for spatial navigation, memory formation,
A research on the power of play was conducted by Dr. White (2012). The study focused on how children in early childhood can benefit from play and imagination. In the study, various overlapping styles of play and its impact on the whole child was presented. The result showed that play has a short and long term benefits on the cognitive, social,emotional and physical development of a child. Another research on play was conducted by Parsons (2011).
This was the birth of Jean Piaget’s theory on learning. According to Mc Cune & Zane (2001), they proposed that toddlers are constantly involved in activities that can stimulate their mind, senses and also lead to early motor skills development. Children are curious explorers who explore their abilities through play and interaction. Mc Cune & Zane also stated, “as young babies are seen playing on their own, toddlers play and interact with other children their age”. A situation where five children are playing with the same toys in the same room, might follow different activities for each of them.
Pretend play is a play behaviour that portrays during imaginative play, fantasy play and sociodramatic play and they tend to be used interchangeably (Fein, 1981). During a pretend play that involves social play, it has an important role in children’s development especially in social and emotional aspect (Bodrova, 2008). Although social skill is independent of emotional skills, but, highly dependent on one another especially during childhood development which also known as socio-emotional development (Denham et al., 2003; Veiga, Neto and Rieffe, 2016). Cohen, Onunaku, Clothier, and Poppe, (2005) enlightened that social-emotional development is one’s 1) ability to experience, express and manage the full range
Being creative enables the children in early years to make connections between one are of learning and another and to extend their understanding” (QCa 2000b:116). Providing a rich and varied contexts for children to acquire develop and apply a broad range of knowledge, understanding and skills. The curriculum should enable pupils to think creatively and critically to solve problems and to make a difference for the better. It should allow the children the opportunity to become creative, innovative, enterprising and capable of leadership to equip them for their future lives as workers and citizens. It should enable children to respond positively to opportunities, challenges and responsibilities to make changes and to cope with change and adversity (QCA 1999:11-12).
Role play or creative play are two ways in which contribute to social development. Children are able to play through demonstrating skills such as imagination, communication and cooperation . they may also participate in sociodramatic play which involves the objects, situations and actions of role play (Frost, J., Worthman, S., & Reifel, S, 2005). The role of play in intellectual development fosters an increase cognitive development through extending the child’s ability to think, understand, remember and imagine (Arthur, L., Beecher, B., Dockett, S.,& Farmer, S, 2018). Children who have access to a variety of engaging open-ended learning experiences including storybooks, building games and age-appropriate jigsaw puzzles stimulate a child’s intellectual development (Early Years Matter,