As a literary theory it emphasises the issues concerning customs in colonialism and shows how the optic of ethnicity enables the colonial powers to represent, reflect, refract and make visible native cultures in inferior ways. It starts with the hypothesis that colonial socio cultural practices (writings, arts, legal systems, science) are always marginalised according to race and unequal where the colonial have power over the colonised. Post colonialism concentrate on the historical, political, cultural and textual consequences of the happenings between the east and the west, starting in the sixteenth century and continuing in recent times. In this sense Post colonialism is a term that can be used to describe a theoretical approach in literary and cultural studies which is used to describe the politics of transformational struggle to unreasonable and unequal forms of colonial practices. Post colonialism gets it main ideas from the concepts that developed during the anti-colonial struggles in the affected colonies.
Coloniality of power is a concept/phrase originally coined by Anibal Quijano. The concept itself refers to interconnecting the practices and legacies of European colonialism in social orders and forms of knowledge. More specifically, it describes the lasting legacy of colonialism within modern society in the form of social and racial discrimination that has been incorporated into today’s social orders. Furthermore, it identifies the racial, political and social hierarchies enforced by European colonialists in Latin America that gave value to certain people while marginalizing others. Quijano’s main argument is based around the notion that the colonial structure of power created a class system, where Spaniards and other light skinned ethnicities
It is a sort of instability. "It describes the complex mix of attraction and repulsion that characterizes the relationship between colonizers and colonized"(Key Concepts, p. 12). Ambivalence does not indicate a healthy phenomenon that could be considered as a merit for the people who have embraced this concept. Its origin and late use in postcolonialism may not add a privilege to the colonized, but it lets the indigenous people torn between two cultures. When the colonizers encourage the colonized to "mimic" the colonizers ' culture and language, values and style of life, the result is never a simple reproduction of those traits.
Postcolonial theory is a literary theory or critical approach that deals with literature produced in countries that were once, or are now, colonies of other countries. It may also deals with literature written in or by citizens of colonizing countries that takes colonies or their peoples as its subject matter. The theory is based around concepts of otherness and resistance. It concentrates particularly on the way in which literature by the colonizing culture fabricate the experience and realities, and imprint the inferiority. As a matter of fact colonized people attempts to articulate their identity and reclaim their past in the face of that past 's inevitable otherness.
In this essay, I will critique the Eurocentric nature of International Relations theory and world politics. The one-sided understanding and definition of global problems that leave out the problems of the Third World, where majority of the conflicts take place. Post colonialism is a concept that sees International Relations and global politics as presenting a partial outlook of the world political scenario and discredits the current economic, social and political structure that has emerged as a result of colonialism. Postcolonial theory is a critique of the main stream International Relations theory and challenges the central nature of the European nations. Post Colonial approaches help us to make sense of the current political scenario, we can relate the current events to the acts of Imperialism and Colonialism and the ways in which people were affected by them.
Significance of studying Postcolonial literature and its relevance Mr. SIMHACHALAMTHAMARANA (RESEARCH SCHOLAR), Dept. of English ANDHRAUNIVERSITY email@example.com ABSTRACT A brief introduction to Postcolonial literature is to be given at the outset. Then the indication of the word ‘Postcolonialism’ along with the origin and development of this Postcolonial studies have to be examined. Various representative authors like Rushdie, Achebe, Ondaatje, Fanon, Derek Walcott and J. M. Coetzee in addition to some female writers like Jamaica Kincaid, Isabelle Illende, and Eavan Boland are to be presented critically. Moreover, some representative works of most renowned authors under the literary movement Postcolonialism are presented
4.0 An Explanation of Realism, Liberalism, Constructivism and Post-Structuralism. 4.1 Realism Realism or political realism prioritizes national interests and security concerns in addition to moral ideology and social reconstruction. The term is often associated with political power. The term is often associated with political power. Realism believes that the state is the main actor of the most important in determining the direction of a country.
Introduction Postcolonial writings have invoked the notion of social Justice, resistance. Freedom and egalitarianism in its attempt to counter dictatorial structures of racial discrimination, prejudice and ill treatment. Subaltern studies ‘occupied a prominent place in post colonial writings. The land owners, the industrialists and the upper classes have always dominated and oppressed the poor, servants and other unprivileged class. Their voices have been silenced and are subjected to exploitation and humiliation.
Colonialism is a process which evolves slowly and gradually to an extent where it begins to be seen by the colonized people as normalized. The authenticity of colonialism is sanctioned by the production of literature about the people colonized and the various aspects of their lives. It can be done by fictional as well as non-fictional writings. The English poet William Blake once wrote “The foundation of empire is arts and science. Remove them or degrade them and the Empire is no more.