The due process model is seen to focus on the suspect whereas the crime control model focuses on the society. This paper analyzes these two models and based on the rate of crime in the society, makes recommendations as to which is the best model in criminal justice. The principle in law that one is innocent until proven guilty has created much discourse. There are those who feel that the moment that one is arrested, there is reasonable belief that they committed the crime. However, there are those who feel that just as the principle states, one is, and should be taken as a victim and the outcome could be either way: guilty or not guilty.
Introduction Society and its laws are what make man what they are, that without any social regulation man is able to pursue as well as achieve its own desires which can lead to criminal behaviour. The motivation for crime is derived from societal forces that pressure people to commit crime. Anomie theories tend to have a more macro-level focus. Therefore the research that has been conducted covers why exactly people commit crimes as well as breaking down the Anomie theory for a more clear understanding. In connection to the structure of this review, there will be a discussion on the reasons for criminal activity, secondly what is the anomie theory and how the Anomie theory is one platform that can be used to describe its relationship to crime, and furthermore, the anomie theory will be broken down into sections to give the reader a more clear understanding.
(P.J Brantingham 1981). The attitude of the individual of an offender depends on their society where he lived in. They do their activities at the right or at exact time to make them as a pattern or make themselves as their habit when they do another crime and it can affect in the society. Crimes in the society had high rates because of the characteristics of the activity and people associated in it. Furthermore, people believed that some places are crime generators because of some offenders act their routines in places where people believed that they are free from crimes.
People who are captured, indicted, and rebuffed are named as hoodlums. Others then view and regard these individuals as offenders, and this improves the probability of consequent wrongdoing for a few reasons. Marked people may experience difficulty getting the genuine livelihood, which expands their level of strain and diminishes their stake in similarity. Named people may find that customary individuals are hesitant to connect with them, and they may join with different offenders accordingly. This diminishes their bond with routine others and cultivates the social learning of wrongdoing.
Abstract – A crime is act that violates a law which results in a punishment. Crime hotspot prediction is used to find areas on a map which have high crime intensity. The crime hotspot prediction uses the past data of crime which includes the area with crime rate and predict the future location with high crime intensity. It is required to raise people’s awareness regarding the dangerous location in certain time period. It can help for police resource allocation to create a safe environment.
The full of mischief theory examines the causes of delinquency, explaining factors such as the quality of relationships with family and other peers as well as behaviors that delinquents learn from others which contribute to crime. The fill of mischief theory uses concepts from the control theory and social learning theory in order to explain behaviors that cause criminal activity.
I am having dubious feelings for the success of the geomapping of offender residences idea. The GIS applications enable the crime agencies and the society and as a result, they would be having more knowledge on criminals and statistics and visual depiction serve as a good benchmark for mapping crime and criminal preferred location. Due to which, in my judgment, sex offenders will look for isolated places due to the presence of the geomapping implementation. But, this in turn, would also be beneficial for the criminals to carry out crime activities within least mapped areas. Also, technology and managerial efforts’ failures are conceivable and it can be crucial in certain circumstances.
Stopping human beings from committing crime is a very difficult task but we could use many different approaches to help reduce the number of crimes which are committed. Punishment has being the greatest deterrence to commission of crime. Classical theory say for punishment to be effective it should be swift, severe and certain. If people believe that the legal penalty will inflict more pain that the produced gain in committing crime them they would refrain from crime. Uniform police officers on patrol are also another form of preventing crime.
Within the past couple of decades, criminologists have developed different criminological theories that apply to the social behaviors and decisions of criminals. One of the earliest theories developed regarding criminality is the rational choice theory, in which describes the rationalization of determining if the rewards from committing the crime outweigh the consequences. In Scarver’s case, his decision to engage in criminal activities outweighed the potential consequences, or the other alternatives if he did not engage in such criminal activities. In addition to the rational choice theory, Scarver’s criminality can be related to the social disorganization theory, which describes the influence of one’s social and physical environment on one’s
It has been observed that there are numerous researches conducted on youth crime particularly in the United Kingdom which gave the emphasis on young individuals as offenders instead of victims of crime. Moreover, radical criminology significantly contributed to understand the youth crime through different theories. According to Yar (2012), radical criminology is known as the conflict philosophy. It centres its perceptions on crime and on regulation in the faith that capitalist civilisations precipitate as well as describe crime as the possessors by sense of production utilise their influence to endorse commandments that would regulate the working class and suppress intimidations to the supremacy of the governing class. Radical criminology draws together the studies of interactionism, labelling, Marxism, critical criminology and gender which provide the understanding of youth crime from different perspective as discussed in the paper.