It’s also important to remember that intrinsic motivation aids students’ learning and that the quality of classroom interaction matters a great deal. According to Deci and Ryan (1985), intrinsic motivation is linked to elementary human needs for proficiency, independence, and understanding. Innately motivated deeds are those that the apprentice engages in for their own welfare due to their significance, awareness, and challenge. Such activities present the greatest promising chances for knowledge. Learning is the result of motivation which at the same time is the product of one of these needs or a combination of them.
And also we can say that it is satisfaction that same one has in him or her own abilities. Self esteem is feeling we have about our self. Self esteem is a realistic respect for or favorable impression of one self. It is feeling good about yourself, putting a high value on your worth, thinking or thoughts in your head about yourself and it is different depending on circumstances and relationship. “As children develop, they not only come to understand more and more about themselves and to contract more intricate self portraits, but they also begin to evaluate the qualities that they perceive themselves as having.” This devolutive aspect of self is called self esteem.
Individuals exercise control over their thoughts, feelings and actions. (Bandura, 1986) states that people will be more inclined to take on a task they believe they can succeed in. People generally avoid tasks where their self-efficacy is low but will engage in task where their self-efficacy is high. A strong sense of academic self-efficacy enhances students ' academic accomplishment, quality of functioning and personal well-being (Adeyemo, 2001; Pajares, 1996). (Bandura, 1997) states that a sense of self-efficacy is an important contributor to the attainment of further competences and successes.
Self control is a sign of inner strength defined as a set of cognitive and behavioral strategies used by the individuals to actively guide their goal directed activities over time and across changing environment (Frayne&Geringer 2000). (Tangney, Baumeister & Boone 2004) define self control as a capacity to override a particular response to align with another is associated with a variety of positive outcome. Self control help to increase student academic performance. (Tittle& Botchkovar 2005) Individual can have some level of control in their behavior through their consequences of action. Many researchers found that parents who teach their children about self control can see more benefits in them throughout their working life.
It has been also known as a highly effective predictor of students’ motivation and learning as it is responsive to improvement in students’ learning as well as predictive of achievement outcomes (Zimmerman,2000). Furthermore, two of self-constructs, self-efficacy and self-concept
Of course, the effectiveness and the efficiency of athletic programs and activities is depended on the willingness of participated persons, the interaction of social framework and the content of each program. (Johnson, Cen, Gallaher, Palmer, Xiao, Ritt-Olson et al., 2007). Programs of Life skills are vital for students. Life skills are those which give to young persons capabilities living and dealing different situations and environments such as school, home, neighborhood (Danish & Nellen, 1997). Life skills are about having good communication skills, taking effective decisions, becoming supportive, having aims, thinking positively, dealing negative and stressful emotions, evaluating yourself, solving problems under pressure and so on.
Holistic teaching focuses on preparing the learner to meet any challenges they may face in life and within a work setting. They can learn about themselves, develop resilience and develop social and emotional development. A learner who feels confident and valued will be more able to absorb new knowledge and apply to real work settings and is more likely to continue their studies when they see it affecting them in a meaningful way. If as an assessor you are mindful to the learner as an individual and take into account their learning style and abilities it aids you in tailoring your teaching manner and methods that give all the best chance of success. It is good to show they are being stretched and challenged and evidence this in their feedback to aid their professional
(Walker, Calvin, Ramsey. 1995) Rewards are also known as positive reinforcement. Rewards were used to motivate and support students who felt like they were not very good at a subject and for the best effort. (Ching, Gregory. 2012) The importance of using rewards lies in the fact that the students will certainly gain a strong feeling of confidence.
High self-efficacy perceptions are also believed to make individuals engage in tasks that develop their skills and capabilities, while low-efficacy perceptions make students choose tasks that will not need development of new skills (Schunk, 1991). Pajares (1996) found that the self-efficacy of gifted students was based on their perceptions of their cognitive ability. In another study, Zimmerman and Kitsantas (2005) suggest that high self-efficacy students attribute more responsibility to learners than to teachers and that perceived responsibility was an important motive for academic achievement. In line with these findings, students who, in paper I, based their self-efficacy on positive self perceptions as excellent students received their efficacy information from their general cognitive ability. They emphasized their own responsibility and their strategy was to study alone without asking for help from peers or teachers.
1.3 Evaluate the benefits of self-managed learning to the individual and organisation. Self-managed learning is beneficial for both the individual an organisation. Following are the benefits of self-managed learning for individual and organisation: • Self managed learning provided by an organisation helps an individual to be more independent and confident both personally and professionally. • Coaching and mentoring helps in recognizing individual strengths and weakness. • It helps in improving the interpersonal skills and also helps in maintaining the good relationships with the colleagues of an organisation.