Santrock (2015) defined socioemotional selectivity theory as the tendency of older adults to become selective of their social networks. Elderlies are believed to withdraw from social contacts with individuals peripheral to their lives and maintain or increase their contact with individuals with whom they have rewarding relationship such as their close friends and family members which can help them to maximize positive emotional experiences and minimize emotional risks (p. 571). This can be supported by Zettel-Watson and Rook (2009) who stated that new friendships are less likely to be forged especially following the death of a spouse and Charles and Piazza (2007) who discussed that elderlies experienced less intense
The concern of the study is to know the long-term result of MBCT with the use of standardized measures of depressions (BDI-II), mindfulness (MAAS), and rumination (RSS) and the outcomes are collected yearly for 3 years. Thirty-nine participants were observed and the results showed a significant decrease in depression. Although the depression scores for the last year increased, it was still inside the normal range of BDI-II. Rumination and mind attention showed a strong negative correlation which means as rumination increases, the mind attention decreases and vice versa. It was therefore concluded that continued MBCT aids and training can help relapse prevention.
An analysis of these outcomes helps in understanding the effect of adolescent depression and need for screening and treatment. Richardson, L.P., Ludman, E., McCauley, E., Lindenbaum, J., Larison, C., Zhou, C., Clarke, G., Brent, D., & Katon, W. (2014, August 27). Collaborative Care for Adolescents with Depression in Primary Care. The Journal of American Medical Association, 312(8),
(al A. e.) Also, retired construction workers showed lower health status than the workers of the other field. They also reported many problems associated with vision, neck and shoulders, knees, hips, ankles, joints and wrists. (al L. e., 2006) Moreover, some Swedish construction workers participated in health examinations between 1971 and 1992.
These people’s exhaustion may negatively affect the care that is given to the patients. One research study delved into the childhood of the caregivers to determine if the how the caregivers bonded as a child influenced whether or not they would become exhausted. The researchers used surveys to determine that the caregivers who were less secure in their relationships with others did become exhausted when caring for patients with dementia. They recommended that staff be educated about the effects of attachment on burnout (Kokkonen, Cheston, Dallos, & Smart, 2014). Reference Kokkonen, T.-M., Cheston, R. I., Dallos, R., & Smart, C. A. (2014).
Wherein unemployed (11%) participants greatly suffer from social issues compare to those who are employed (6%), student (1%), and self-employed (0%) participants. Unemployed participants spend a lot of their time inside the home than those who have job. In regards, unemployed workers were twice as likely as their employed counterparts to experience psychological problems (Paul & Moser, 2009; Belle, D. et.al,2016). The stress of unemployment can lead to changes in family relationships and in outcomes for children (Belle, D. & Bullock, H., 2016). As cited by Belle and Bullock(2016), a meta-analysis conducted by Paul and Moser (2009) reinforces the findings that unemployment was associated with depression, anxiety, psychosomatic symptoms, low subjective well-being, and poor self-esteem.
This is also when decline in the bodily functions begins (Travers and Dacey, 1996). According to Berk (2007), apects such as the skin, cadiovascular, respiratory, muscular and immune systems gradually decline as one gets older. Degeneration of sensory organs and the nervous system degeneration is less gradual and accelerates in middle age. In ‘Adult Development & Aging’ Susan Krauss Whitbourne (2001) highlights that physical decline can result in decreased sense of ability in the elderly (as cited in Hewstone et al., 2005, p. 216.) Numerous physical illnesses and psychological diorders such as emphysema and dimentia are linked to adulthood as a result of physical decline.(Berk,
In particular, there is growing evidence to suggest interplay between mental and physical health and well-being and outcomes such as educational achievement, productivity at work, development of positive personal relationships, reduction in crime rates and decreasing harms associated with use of alcohol and drugs. It follows that promoting mental health through a focus on key determinants should not only result in lower rates of some mental disorders and improved physical health but also better educational performance, greater productivity of
According to (Luey H. S., 1995) findings the effect of deafness depends on the age the deafness occurs. The people who loss their hearing in early childhood are less affected than those who became deaf after speech development. Because they can feel the loss of speech that made them sad. Graf and Bijl’s (Donald A. Ramsdell) (2002) research support the above findings.
In this essay, "In Health. We 're Not No.1," Robert J. Samuelson argues that it turns out that being American is bad for you health, relative speaking. An exhaustive statistics and studies show that Americans ' health is at the lowest levels in compared to most advanced countries. The United Sates possess a higher death rates 15 over 21 illnesses and a lower life expectancy of 78.2 years in compare of 83 years by Japan.
The data, as reported by the Bureau of Census in 2012, is in agreement with the trend stated above. According to the study, roughly 9.1% of geriatrics live in poverty, whereas 21.8% of 18-64 year olds live in poverty (2012 census figure 5). In the past five decades, the rate of poverty in those 65+ has decreased a massive 26.1%. The favorable consequences of Medicare are undeniable and amidst the concern for the elderly, there was a growing awareness regarding civil rights issues of the
Two predictors of psychological and subjective well-being are social activity and health, both of which decline with age (Simone & Haas, 2013). Another practicum experience that I could relate with previous
However McManus et al (2009) suggested that it is essential to think about mental health and it function before tackling inequalities across the nation. Wilkinson and Pickett (2007) noted that people with higher income are likely to have low death rates than those with lower