Theories Of Freud's Child Development

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Development is the series of age-related changes that happen over the course of a life span.
Theories of development provide a framework for thinking about human growth, development, and learning. Developmental theories provide a set of guiding principles and concepts that describe and explain human development. The famous psychologist Sigmund
Freud describes development as a series of stages. The Stages are periods in development in which people exhibit typical behavior patterns and establishes particular capacities.
In this assignment, I discuss about one of the best-known theories of Freud’s child development. According to Freud’s theory, child development occurs in a series of stages
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Each stage presents us with a unique challenge, and if we successfully overcome that challenge, we acquire a fully mature behavior. But if we fail to overcome a challenge of one of the stages we become stuck or fixated there. This is where a lot of your personal uniqueness comes from or fixation at a particular stage of personality development. During the first year of a child’s life, the mouth is site of sexual and aggressive satisfaction. One of the first objects out there, that provides and infant with oral satisfaction is her mother’s breast. The mother’s breast is a main source of linking and satisfaction. The focus of pleasure is the mouth. i.e., sucking and teething .When the child is being nursed it gives her psychological pleasure of being cared for, mothered and held.
Laila Ahmed 5609 BEDPM -2 Adolescence and Learning Page 3
If the infant fails to prevent, or is prevented harshly or incompletely, he will b ecome
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Freud mentioned that we all reach this stage by adolescence. Adolescence brings about a revitalization of Oedipal or Electra conflicts and a change of earlier childhood identifications. The child is now open to learning how to involve in mutually satisfying sexual relations.
Laila Ahmed 5609 BEDPM -2 Adolescence and Learning Page 4
According to Freud it very important the parents take care their children while they grow. If the parents do not take their responsibilities the children fail to their live span. Freud mentioned that the first five years of life are vital to the making of adult character.
The id must be well-ordered in order to fulfil social demands. The ego and superego develop in order to exercise this control and direct the need for satisfaction into socially suitable goals.Freud believed that most people would successfully meet the challenge of each stage and move to the next. He also believed that some people did not successfully meet the challenges of a stage and became fixated or obsessed with that stage and thus their development was hindered. So all the development stages are very important. Parents must take their responsibility to develop
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