Solution Focused Therapy

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Brief Introduction Solution-focused therapy is a time-sensitive approach which concentrates efforts of workers and clients on identifying solutions (Healy, 2014). In this therapy, worker and client will search for previous solutions and exceptions to client’s problem, reinforce them so as to solve the problem (Austad, 2009). It helps clients to achieve change in their lives in an as short as possible time, mostly six to ten sessions (Ratner, George, & Iveson, 2012). By focusing on client’s strength and resiliencies rather than the problem itself, clients are considered to be accountable for solutions instead of responsible for problems (Lee, 2013; Austad, 2009). Developed in the early 1980s, solution-focused therapy is characterized by miracle…show more content…
Besides of those basic assumptions, therapies of solution-focused therapy also act in accordance to all social work values, especially empowerment and individualization. According to Healy (2014), solution-focused therapy adopts a hopeful and optimistic attitude towards client. Since it emphasize on client’s strength, resources and ability, solution-focused therapy avoids considering clients as incompetent for achieving improvement. As it mentioned above, this therapy does not see clients as a pathological person, this can help client gain greater control over their lives, and for client, this will also help them to see themselves from a new angle. By adopting strength perspective, the value of empowerment is achieved. Also, since different clients have their different ways of controlling their problem and different exceptions, and the solutions developed using this therapy are based on them, every client will have their own way to cope with their problems, even when their problems are similar. This perfectly shows that there is no universal…show more content…
For example, when interviewing a client who is living a hard time with his son with autism, it is not easy to find resources that already owned by the client to solve their problem, but only getting help from other specific agencies and applying for allowance from the government. That is, solution-focused therapy lacks of a systematic way of thinking. However, it is important to view the client’s situation in a more realistic way and involve other systems into the helping process; otherwise it is against the idea of “person in
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