Essay On System Theory

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Systems theory

Systems theory mainly describes the human behaviour in terms of complex systems. It is based on the idea that an effective system is based on individual needs, rewards, expectations, and attributes of the people living in the system. According to this theory, families, couples, and organization members are directly involved in resolving a problem even if it is an individual issue. System, ecological, and network theory are all traditions in social work that can be identified within the system theory. System theory argues that the whole is something different to the amount of the detached parts. Luhman is one name that is linked to the ‘newer’ system theory, which is also called constructivism. Here we can find counterparts
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New behaviour will continue if it is protected. According to this theory, the learning process is made more efficient if the new behaviour is demonstrated as well. One of the strengths of learning theories is that they developed methods for practical work. The criticism though, is that in their willingness to achieve visible results, they can become influencing. In learning theories, one was not concerned with the unconscious processes, but more with the visible behaviour. It is easy then to feel in conflict with a central ethical principle in social work which is; “the clients’ right to self-determination, to decide for themselves”. Response thinking has been criticised for not seeing the human being as a unique individual, and that it can lead to a simplified and mechanical view of the human being. However, in social learning theory, where the cognitive processes and the “creative being” is also emphasized, the individuality of the human being is in the forefront. Social learning theory suggests that human behaviour is learned as individuals interact with their environment. Problem behaviour is maintained by positive or negative
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