1. The urbanization is a crucial process for the development of any society as it allows to make an emphasis on the development of the cities, where a significant amount of financial resources concentrate. The fact that many people moved from the rural areas to the cities in the middle of the 20th century, caused an immense growth of an industry, trade, and business across the country. There are both positive and negative outcomes of the urbanization; however, these outcomes are most commonly referred to as the push-pull factors. Both push and pull factors can be beneficial for particular groups of people while being disadvantaging to the other groups.
These shifts can be associated with factors such as war, economic growth and decline, and new modes of transportation such as canals all contributed to the growth or decline of the decades previously mentioned. From this article I learned that certain factors have a bigger impact on urban growth in the United States than others. War has a huge impact on urbanization in the United States, simply because in both decades in which the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812 took place resulted in a decline in urban growth during that decade. I have also learned that the economy also plays a big role in urban growth. The more economic activity a city has the more potential it has to grow as it provides more jobs and opportunities, the decades preceding the railroad era the biggest cities in the United States were all costal cities on the east coast because most trade, and transportation of goods were reliant on ships thus the importance of living in these areas became
Development is an inevitable process in all human culture. Urbanization is also a kind of development, which can be measured by population density, specialized economic activities, and urban infrastructure etc.Pacione(2009)defined it as an increase in the proportion of the total population that lives in the urban area. The process may vary in the First and Second World. In this essay, we will discuss some major characteristics of urbanization process of the First World and Third World. Although Tomlinson(2003) pointed out that There is not a single clear definition of the "Third world", Pacione(2009) divided the definition of ' third world' into two senses, politically that refer to the countries not being the members of Soviet Union and
Compare and contrast the main characteristics of the urbanization process in the First and Third World Introduction Observing the expansion of cities, development of central business district as the core of a city and huge population migrating into more-developed urban area, we can deduce that we have been under the influence of urbanization. Urbanization—known as the major trend after the 18th century’s Industrial Revolution— basically refers to the rise in proportion of the total population living in urban areas (Pacione, Michael, 2009). Under globalization, boundaries of countries being blurrier, the process of urbanization seems to be inevitable, whilst proceeding differently in First and Third World countries. And so, in this essay,
Peri-urbanisation in East Asia According to Hudalah et al. (2007), the spatial transformation taking place in peri-urban areas has provided an emerging picture of the growth of many city regions in developing countries and more specifically, East Asia. In fact, peri-urbanisation, which implies development of mixed land uses outside designated city boundaries, is a newly emerging challenge for the planning of cities in this region. McGee (1991) as cited by Hudalah et al. (2007), in his studies desakota (an Indonesian term for ‘rural-urban’ area), pointed out that there is an intensive coexistence of farming and non-farming activities within the metropolitan regions of many East Asian countries.
Urbanization presents one of the most pressing and complex challenges of the 21 century. How cities are designed, managed and used is likely to shift substantially based on demands created by two powerful trends. One trend involves a growing awareness of a threat to the sustainability of the Earth’s natural environment; the second is the rapid rise in the number of people moving into and living in cities. Combined, these trends call for massive development of new buildings and infrastructure, along with new social and cultural institutions, to accommodate vast numbers of city dwellers without irreparably harming the natural environment. Human development since the Industrial Revolution has had serious impacts on the environment, and the
This study is conducted with satellite image of 120 cities in all continents except Antarctica. Conclusively, the urban expansion patterns is presented in terms of density and land-cover over the past decades thereby assisting the policy makers, planner in predicting the direction of urban growth. This empirical analysis shows that the density of the urban settlement increases until a point of congestion where overcrowding of people in the centre core of the city is evident. This congestion creates a centripetal force pushing the people away from these centres resulting in urban sprawls. Hence the urban density decrease after this juncture and the city size geographically expands requiring importance to the transport corridors connecting the sprawls and the
Over the years, Cameroon has experienced a lot of infrastructural changes as a result of urban renewal processes which has been going on with the aim of improving urban cities due to rapid urbanization as a result of increase in population, natural disasters such as flood and landslide and also political reasons. This paper focuses on reasons for the rapid urban renewal process which have and are still taking place over the years in Cameroon particularly in six (6) major towns; Limbe, Buea, Bamenda, Douala, Yaoundé and Kumba, a contextual review of the areas under observation and consequences of the entire Urban Renewal process. Shortcomings to the success of these renewal process as well as possible recommendations which could be used in
It is difficult to ignore the accelerating growth of urbanization. Urbanization has shaped developed countries during the 20th century, but it has had even more transformative effects on developing countries. Several factors distinguish urbanization in developing countries from urbanization in developed countries: (a) It occurs at an even quicker pace, (b) much larger numbers of populations are involved and (c) Urbanization and income growth are less closely connected than they were for developed countries. By 2100, according to UN DESA in 2013, the share of the urban population is projected to reach around 9 billion, corresponding to close to 85% of the population. This period of rapid urbanization will also have experienced the rise of the
Importance of seeking Balanced Patterns of Urbanization by Decentralization-The Case of Dhaka Abstract Megacities and their regions diversely play important roles in national and international contexts. City provides opportunities for economic growth and development and quality life for its population and services to its newly urbanized areas. As a capital city, Dhaka has potentials for becoming a global city with its geopolitical location and economic prospects. It has political and administrative advantages in the national context and scope for utilizing the benefits of urban economics, especially agglomerations, concentration of labor and financial institutions, and business services. But problems of our Dhaka are continuously in the lime