Gerald Schwartz, A Woman Doctor's Civil War: Esther Hill Hawks' Diary. (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1984. ix, 30lp. Illustrations, maps, bibliography, index. Born in Brooklyn, New York, Gerald Schwartz is a professor of history at Western Carolina University in Cullowhee, North Carolina.
Crumpler became a nurse, a profession that did not require formal education in that time, and cared for patients in Massachusetts for eight years. She was eventually admitted to the New England Female Medical college in 1860, and graduated in 1864. She was the first and only African American to graduate the school due to it closing in 1873. Crumpler practiced medicine in Boston until the end of the Civil War, after which she chose to move to Richmond, Virginia. Virginia was where she believed she would be able to help more people and learn more about the diseases that afflicted women and children.
Currently, Reed is on the faculty of the University of Arizona College of Nursing in Tucson, where she teaches, conducts research, and serves in administrative roles, including Associate Dean of Academic Affairs (Smith & Liehr, 2014). Reed has mentored a number of Master and doctoral students in the research on self-transcendence (Masters, 2012). Reed has received numerous awards for doctoral teaching in philosophy of nursing science and practice, and for her theory development courses (McCarthy & Bockweg, 2012). Reed has published numerous articles and book chapters, and she co-edited the sixth edition of Perspectives on Nursing Theory with Shearer in 2012. In 2011, Reed and Shearer published “Nursing Knowledge and Theory Innovation:
1.11 Impact of training schools Between 1880 and 1915, 62 training schools were opened in the United States. The lack of training had weakened Passavant's programs. However recruiting became increasingly difficult after 1910 as women preferred graduate nursing schools or the social work curriculum offered by state universities. The Crimean War was a significant development in nursing history when English nurse Florence Nightingale laid the foundations of professional nursing with the principles summarized in the book Notes on Nursing. Other important nurses in the development of the profession include: • Mary Seacole, who also worked as a nurse in the Crimea • Agnes Elizabeth Jones and Linda Richards, who established quality nursing schools
Margaret Sanger was an exceptionally influential figure for women 's reproductive rights in the 20th century. Margaret Sanger was born in 1879, the sixth of eleven surviving children, in Corning, New York. At age thirteen, Sanger 's mother died, weakened from eighteen childbirths. The tragedy served as an incentive; determined to save women in her mother’s position, Sanger enrolled in a medical program at Claverack College. She graduated in 1900 and began work as a nurse at White Plains Hospital.
She bought a small farm and lived there with her parents (EncyclopediaBritannica.com) In eighteen sixty- nine, Harriet married Nelson Davis, a Civil War veteran (Ducksters.com, (thefamouspeople.com). That year, they adopted a baby girl and named her Gertie Davies (thefamouspeople.com). After the war, joined Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B Anthony in their quest for women 's suffrage. Harriet also worked with Sarah Bradford, to write an autobiography (nwhm.org).
During my visit to Oak Crest Village, I had the pleasure of interviewing a retired nurse. To avoid releasing too much personal information, I will refer to my interviewee as Mrs. B. Mrs. B is a 76 years old female born in 1939 right here in the state of Maryland. She started her nursing education through a diploma program at Mercy Hospital. Mrs. B stated that her nursing program was on the job training. She spent little time in the classroom and the rest was all hands on training completed during patient care.
However, in 1908, she thought she had found her calling and moved to New York, where she studied
She graduated with a B.S degree. After college, she was working as a nurse for about 10 years. During this time, she married Sanford Kidd and had two kids together. At around age 30, she took creative writing course at Emory University and Anderson College. While growing up, she had a very imaginative father.
Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care deficit theory Dorothea Orem, who was born in the year 1914, was a nursing theorist who had a vast experience in the nursing field. Self-care deficit nursing theory is a grand nursing theory which was set forth by Dorothea Orem in the year 1959 as part of her study to identify under circumstances which required nursing care (Orem, 2001). Orem published her first book in the year 1971 named Nursing : Concepts in practice and continued to release improved editions till 2001.
Dr. Jane C. Wright Dr. Jane C. Wright was born on November 30, 1919 in Manhattan to parents Corrine, a public-school teacher and Louis T. Wright, a graduate of Meharry Medical College and one of the first African American graduates from Harvard Medical School. She attended the Ethical Culture Fieldston School, from which she graduated in 1938. Wright went on to graduate with an art degree from Smith College in 1942 and then graduated with honors, with a medical degree from New York Medical College 1945. After medical school, she did residencies at Bellevue Hospital (1945-46) and Harlem Hospital (1947-1948), completing her tenure at Harlem Hospital as chief resident.
Soon, in 1869, she remarried to a Civil War veteran, named Nelson Davis. In 1874, together they adopted a young girl named Gertie. Together as a family, they went through many hardships. One of them was being that Tubman had to go through brain surgery, in order to correct some injuries from previous years. At an old age, she was also admitted into a rest home named after her.
I remeber Alice Magaw and Lavinia Lloyd Dock from the Nursing history books where we used to study. And also I must mention about Clara Barton who was known as the “Angel of the Battlefield” during the Civil War and assigned special duties by President Lincoln. Dorothea Dix who taught poor and neglected children, dedicated her time to social welfare in England, founded the first public mental hospital in America and became the Superintendent of Union Army Nurses and Mary Eliza Mahoney, who was the first African-American professional registered nurse. These figured have contributed alot to the Nursing
Stephanie Hepburn is a graduate of Washington College at American University along with Rita J. Simon who has continued to become a University Professor in the School of Public Affairs. Nevertheless, Rita J. Simon has been known for being the author and editor of books such as “Global Perspectives on Social Issues: Juvenile Justice Systems” and “Adoption across Borders.” In the book under the section of United States, Hepburn and Simon have explained events which women were involved in, such as how “All Yeomen received honorable discharges” in 1919, and even how “Abortion laws began to appear in the United States around the 1820s forbidding a woman to have an abortion after she felt the baby move for the first time - roughly four months after
In my interview I decided meet with a co-worker that has17 years’ experience in school nursing, 35 years’ experience in critical care and 2 years’ experience as a clinical instructor for Lancaster General Hospital School of Nursing. Margret Young has her School Nursing Certification along with her BSN and her CCRN (Certified Critical Care Registered Nurse). She is a Masters candidate and is a member of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing. Below are the interview questions and response.