In the classroom multiple intelligence can be best defined as trying to integrate as much as possible of different learning styles. There are similarities between learning styles and multiple intelligences, according to Gardner in this article (What Does the Research Say?. (2016) that learning styles are the way in which an individual can approximates and complete a range of tasks. However, multiple intelligences might focus more in the intellectual abilities of a person. According to Howard Gardner (1983) who had developed the theory of multiple intelligences.
Leon Festinger finished his high school life in Boy’s High School in Brooklyn and finished his degree in psychology in City College of New York in 1939. Cognitive dissonance theory is used widely by the social psychologist for reference to create other cognitively based theories. The cognitive dissonance theory was tested through a famous experiment by Festinger and Carlsmith in the year of 1959. They gather two groups of people which consist of 71 people. These two groups of people had to sit down and do some boring tasks.
1.1 Background of the Study Since the publication of book entitled Frames of Mind by Howard Gardner in 1983, the concept of Multiple Intelligences (MI) Theory brings the new horizon in Psychology and Education. The traditional view of intelligence was best conceptualized as a single, general capacity for conceptualization and problem solving which simply measured by the IQ (Intelligence Quotient) test. In addition, Spearman (1904) as cited in Bandarabbasi, & Karbalaei (2013) claimed that there is a relationship between intelligence and a variety of intellectual performance. He believed that people who perform well on intelligence tests also perform well on other intellectual tasks, such as vocabulary, mathematical, and spatial abilities. Intelligence
in Organizational Development and a Ph.D. is in Human Development. Jensen also synthesized brain research and developed practical applications for teachers for over two decades. I believe his purpose for writing this book was to put focus on the way poverty affects students and to give fellow educators theories, research, and strategies to hopefully ensure success against despite the present challenges. Summary The book has a total of 6 chapters not including the introduction. In the Introduction Jensen gives his reasoning of why he has written this book.
Developmental theorists have come up with many theories that are still used today in teaching. Each one of the theorists wanted to benefit society by helping develop the children to grow into a strong force in the future. One of the theorists, Howard Gardner, came up with an amazing theory that applies today. His theory stated there are eight different ways people show they are intelligent, the types of intelligence are linguistic intelligence, logical- mathematical intelligence, spatial intelligence, bodily- kinesthetic intelligence, musical intelligence, interpersonal intelligence, intrapersonal intelligence and naturalist intelligence.
Including facts like how the analysis conducted a nonexperimental study in which undergraduate students taking psychology classes who had a recent onset major depressive episode were paid or received course credit for their research participation. (3)Eighty-four students 51% Caucasian, 86% female were followed for 26 weeks to assess whether various psychosocial factors predicted the short-term
This provided evidence of an adult`s short-term memory and that adults can remember seven things plus or minus two. This theory has been “supported by evidence from various studies such as Jacobs (1887)” (McLeod 2009). According to Atkinson and Shiffen (1971) short term memory on last for about fifteen to thirty seconds, that rehearsal was needed to store into long term memory. The use of the cognitive approach became popular with the educational system. A swizz biologist, Jean Piaget` theory has been applied in classrooms.
They will demonstrate how popular lyrics will often reflect common ideas about personality and development should give students a perspective on the public’s perceptions of personality and illustrate the usefulness of psychology in everyday life. The study was conducted by psychology professor and he compared students from his two personality classes. The first class consisted of 18 freshmen, seven sophomores, four juniors, and six seniors and the second class consisted of eight freshmen, two sophomores, three juniors, and two seniors (Leck, 2006). The professor selected 13 songs from his music collection with lyrics that reflected elements of personality theories that were presented to the students throughout the semester and the lyrics were displayed in a powerpoint presentation to the class and than they had to attempt to identify the concept they thought the song demonstrated, they would discuss possible interpretations (Leck, 2006). Towards the end of the semester, the professor administered a short survey to determine the effectiveness of this activity.
He called intelligence "judgment…good sense…the faculty of adapting one 's self to circumstances." Binet also believed that intelligence is a combination of many skills - skills that are shaped heavily by the environment. His research goal was to help teachers adapt their teaching methods to the needs and abilities of individual students. Students with a weakness in math, for example, could receive special attention in this specific area. Things changed when IQ and achievement tests were transplanted to America.