Theory Of Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs

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Managing a team of people with different personalities, cultures and experiences can be quite challenging for managers in organizations. However, it's essential for a manager to know what motivates his people, how they respond to certain actions and daily tasks, and what specific jobs fit them well. Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs draws up a way of recognizing people's motivations. Maslow (1943) proposed a theory that outlined five hierarchical needs which could also be applied to an organization and its employees’ performance (Gordon, 1965). The needs are hierarchically structured and they act as motivators. Their arrangement within the hierarchy depends on the urgency and priority to individuals. This theory can help us to take the appropriate…show more content…
It includes the provision of proper wages, safe environment, and an appropriate climate that enables the employees to develop their maximum potential. When the managers fail to provide or facilitate these needs, the employees may be frustrated. Consequently, their performance may be affected, as well as, job satisfaction and withdrawal from the firm or organization. In reference to the Maslow’s theory of the hierarchy of needs, the threat of layoff and job insecurity may hamper an individual’s strive in attempting to fulfill the higher growth needs. Instead, they may sweat off their blood to get security by forgoing the fulfillment of their other needs. If they fail to secure security needs, they can either burn out or seek to fulfill the need elsewhere (Denning,…show more content…
Managers have employed the model solely to optimize the performance of employees with the aim of increasing the value of the shareholders. However, several critiques have been labeled against the fulfillment of the hierarchical needs. A majority of the critiques have argued on the validity of the approaches that Maslow employed in developing the models. The samples that Maslow used have been the born of contention of their arguments since they are perceived not to be holistic and universal. In the present society, job security has become a cause for concern and only recently did new-age workers start talking about job satisfaction. In this situation employees develop needs for security and self-actualisation concurrently. Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory is still critical and important in today's business organizations for them to strive for achievement and perfection, attempting to ignore the real world use of the hierarchy of needs theory, will adversely influence the organization and the worker's performance to accomplish organizational excellence and create great environment, better workplace and accomplish focus at the opportune time then a real world use of the theory is central to the
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