The deviance from Western society on a personal or communal level can lead to the social marginalization (the movement of person or persons to the periphery of society whether institutionalized or individualized) of the individual or community leading to their exclusion through social stratification. In the context of Jaspreet Sidhu 's thesis work on the criminality and identity of (male) Punjabi Sikh youth (2012), "an interplay of parental, cultural, institutional, and societal processes impacted participants’ identities and subsequent action[s]" (iv) emphasized the tension between mainstream Canadian culture and practices, tradition and identities deviant from that of the dominant culture. Dukelow sees this as being codified through our institutions, which are often headed by those with the most power who
The relationship between the actual study and the researchers’ preconceptions is well explained and proven in support of their argument. Although the sample size chosen was appropriate enough on the basis of age, gender and culture, it would have provided a better result to generalize if participants from some other cultures like Asia or Middle East would have been included. The selection of participants on the basis of the criteria of minimum of one year of suffering was good, showing validity of results. The guideline of grounding in examples is explained very well by the authors as they provided the process of interviewing and put in an appropriate amount of information relating to the responses received. The article also provides in-depth details of the responses by providing examples and explanations and the data was very well interpreted and represented.
A form of transculturation occurred in the process. The phenomenon of merging and converging cultures. Those of Anglo-Saxon descent argue that a fast pace and physical game should be played while the latinos of the team suggest a more elegant and rhythm based attacking style. Although there is a dominant culture in the relationship, it is beneficial to both parties in the pursuit of winning. In the end, the players decided to incorporate both styles for asymmetrical team
The theoretical framework is based, on the one hand, on theories that explain the integration model in each country, which are assimilation and multiculturalism. On the other hand, it is based on the intersectionality theory, which explains the multiple-discrimination that a person can experience. The selected three theories are essential to formulating the research hypotheses, which will subsequently be tested throughout this study. 4.1. Assimilation and multiculturalism The socioeconomic inclusion of female refugees is shaped by the integration model that is adopted by the host country.
Milton Gordon is stating in Assimilation in American: Theory and Reality that assimilation can happen in a linear fashion with the end goal is for the minority to become like the majority. In America that means becoming protestant and middle-class and adopting Anglo culture while forgetting their own ethnic culture. This was blatant with the forcing of Americanization onto minorities during World War I. Many non-white eastern and southern Europeans were allowed to become white by essentially forgetting the culture and adopting that of America. This lead to the melting pot theory where cultures were blended together in a strong cohesive society and that the process would beneficial would be good for all involved.
Examples of the retention of multiculturalism are seemingly evident in a high school environment, where an outside observer would see close bonds of friendship being shared amongst those with cultural similarities as a general rule. However, my personal experience as an immigrant leads to an analysis that discovers a host of problems with this apparent cultural bond that shows a connection to multiculturalism. In the high school environment, I have observed that this retention of culture leads to a distinct separation in the mind of student, one in which those that share the same cultural ideals become part of private life, especially since many of these are family friends and not just associates at school, and that those other friends that do not share the same cultural similarity become associated with public life. This ease at which private and public can be separated can lead to social flaws and shortcomings, as shown by Richard Rodriguez in Aria: A Memoir of a Bilingual Childhood, when he says “it is not healthy to distinguish public words and private sounds so easily,” Rodriguez makes the case that this distinguishing can lead to smaller friend groups and an inclination to shy away from culturally different, which leads to more isolation in already isolated groups and works against the maintenance of a national
In the cases of students of color being shadowed by store owners or being asked for identification from police officers while walking around, prejudice against minority groups is being shown very obviously. Linking this case of prejudice to the Functionalist Perspective can be done by focusing on emphasizing placing those with different cultures who do not succeed in fully assimilating and becoming a member of society into a racial order. Categorizing these individuals and creating generalizations lead to upholding inequalities between races and maintaining the dominance of white culture in society, which keeps stability that is necessary in this theoretical
We are living in cultural diversify that rich in different traditions and integrated communities. However, Milton Gordon’s let us understand that “Ethnic group is a social group distinguished by race, religion or national origin. Ethnicity refers to a state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition. Constructively, MacIver (1981) emphasized the inclination of divergence in a social group through criticism or aversion. The social group would specify outside of their ethnic group as “they” and “we” as their own ethnic group.
This framework identifies the efficiency of the intercultural communication prosses that determines the success of an international business. This paper outlines the issues that influence the intercultural communication process within cultures and the understanding of cultural identities. (Espinar , 2010: 1) We can also identify why there is a loss of cultural identity and how to understand different cultures when assessing the human behaviour by understanding where culture originates from within an individual, what influences their cultural development had on the individual and how they have formed their cultural identity. This can be identified through the literature of W.Huitt (2009); A systems approach to the study of human behaviour. (Huitt, 2009: 1) Paulo Freire explains that individuals have alienated their cultures because of the direct society they follow.