I say this because you can see each ingredient, and some choose to pick out what they don’t like. America tries to be known as a melting pot, lots of different ingredients, people, coexisting together. In our society, it’s nice to say that we like being diverse, but perhaps we can improve and strengthen that thought. When we only focus on the ingroup and its worldview, its worldview probably includes diversity. To make our society more diverse, we should make everyone feel protected, not just the ingroup.
Further, according to universalism, rights are absolute and inalienable. Universalism advocates maintain that all humans essentially have and share the same rights because of their humanity, regardless of the culture into which the individual is born. Clearly, these two definitions show that there are serious grounds of conflict between the universality of human rights and cultural
Culture is often defined as a group’s ‘set of contested signs and practices that are historically and socially situated” (Nagengast 1997: 400) or as a “shared system of values, and symbols” that are passed on from one generation to another. (Stavenhagen 2001:89) It is, for anthropology, “a total way of life”, defining the social boundaries that distinguish one group member from another (Stavenhagen 2001:90). Every individual is born into a culture, and participation in cultural life is considered a human right in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Article 22 of UDHR (UDHR) also states that cultural rights are indispensible to human dignity. At the same time, the diversity of cultural practices has been traditionally seen as
Do you agree or disagree with conventional ethical relativism that there are no objective moral principles, but that all valid moral principles are justified by virtue of their cultural acceptance? Explain your answer and why you agree or disagree. I agree with conventional ethical relativism that there are no objective moral principles other than justified by the virtue of cultural acceptance. In regard to the dependency thesis as it relates to conventional ethical relativism, right or wrong acts of individuals depend on the nature of the society that molds them. Until recently cultures have developed independently with their own history, beliefs, and subcultures intrinsic of their specific moral principles.
There are some who would argue that "Our civilization is decadent and our language — so the argument runs — must inevitably share in the general collapse" (Orwell 529). Some would refute this saying that our language is not dying but evolving and to a certain degree they are right. The English language has evolved over centuries of time even splitting into multiple dialects such as British, Australian, and American. Each has their own terms, phrases, and even words that the others do not use. These people who seek to destroy Orwell's essay would say that this evolution is natural and that nothing should be done to stop it.
Herbert Spencer's musings on Social Darwinism started before Charles Darwin's book, The Origin of Species, was even distributed. In any case, when Darwin's speculations were made open, Spencer adjusted his own thoughts to those of natural selection. Darwin believed that the solid survive and will outlast the powerless. Spencer took these thoughts further, asserting that human creatures with budgetary, innovative and physical force will live on, while others are substandard and will vanish (Hawkins, 1997). As the hypotheses have many similitudes, not slightest in their names, it can bring about confusion on where Darwin's speculations end and Spencer's start.
According to King’s argument, safeguarding freedom requires that we live up to the promises made in the Declaration of Independence. Segregation is not consistent with freedom because segregation is a barrier to education and thus to man’s pursuit of “liberty” and “happiness.” Freedom is brotherhood, peace, and racial harmony. Freedom is being judged not “by the color of [one’s] skin but by the content of [one’s] character”. To King, freedom is equality. In his landmark “I Have a Dream” speech, King draws on the Declaration of Independence “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.” Before considering the Civil Rights Movement, it is imperative to understand that public freedom is predicated on the belief that all men (meaning all humans, females alike) are equal before the law.
Relativism is the conception that believes one’s value, behavior, belief and morality have no universal validity; all of them are equally valid and are related to other certain elements. Relativism is often associated with a normative position, usually pertaining to how people ought to regard or behave towards those with whom they morally disagree. (Stanford University, 2008) Cultural relativism is a theory that deals with the diversity among different cultures. It considers that people live in a particular cultural background and enrich their culture through particular communication and innovation within the society; every culture has its own unique developmental processes that are determined by its social environment and natural surroundings. To add with, cultural relativists also believe that there do not exists a universal evaluative grading standard to measure the value of culture due to the differences among them; therefore, no culture can be judged by the standard of other groups.
Cultural relativism has a variety of definitions, but the main idea is that a universal code of ethics does not exist--it varies culture to culture. Rachel’s examines cultural relativism in “The Challenge of Cultural Relativism” and argues that there are commonalities of ethics throughout every culture. Rachels sections off his argument to better explain what they believe. In this piece, they argue that cultural relativism is not a proper theory. They argue that it has many major flaws, but they acknowledge that parts of theory have some truth to it.
The Joy Luck Club is what will be our example for the topic Cultural Encounter, which is caused by the differences of cultures. Therefore, communication development is based on sharing thoughts, which leads to an argument that ends either with agreements or disagreements. There are many aspects in an individual that affects the course of this action, and culture is one of them; which I will focus on in this article. I think that it is the most important, in my point of view. This essay discusses the definition of culture, cultural encounters, and the representation of this issue in the story.