According to this model, domestic governments are the principle actors who make decisions to transfer EU rules as a result of lesson-drawing. The analytical point of departure might be ineffectiveness or diminishing legitimacy of domestic rules and procedures. The most definitive feature of the model is the presence of domestic dissatisfaction with the status quo (Rose 1991: 10-12). Another key aspect of the model is the voluntary form of compliance in contrast with compulsory rule adoption comes with conditionality. The principle actor evaluates the external alternatives and makes the choice which serves its own quests.
The quote clearly shows an optimistic stance towards the plans. Like the document analysed previously, the telegram lists reasons for the support of the Schuman plan because it is an “important step towards economic progress and peace of Europe” (Bernbaum, 1950, pp. 704). Thus, although the plan was a foreign policy matter, the success of the proposal was perceived as an important priority. Henceforth, after assessing the second primary source, it appears that the US motivation was generally driven to strive for prosperity and peace in Europe.
“To lay the foundation of an ever closer union among the peoples of Europe” ( Hancock et al, 663), within the treaty of Rome this is written, creating the European union. Unlike many other institutions the European union is both a supranational and intergovernmental institution. In order for the European Union to function and to thrive the member states must surrender sovereignty to the decision making institutions, however, there are more benefits than losses for the states. Defined in Bale, intergovernmental institutions are those states in cooperation in search of better outcomes but reserve the right to block decisions that they feel are contrary to their interests. In addition, a supranational institution is one body that transcends national boundaries and decision making for the common good of the group.
When Germany was reunited and the Cold War was at its end, Europe’s integration became one of the main goals of the actors of Europe, which has been achieved by creating the Single Market and the European Union. Then, Europe’s identity issues became one of its priority problems to solve. No politicians were willing to make Europe a federal state, because their focus was essentially economic, and thought that by working on an economic integration, cultural integration and unification would appear. However, these spill over effects never really became an existing reality. Although, the idea of this European identity was seen as the principle that would make the European project legit.
The foundation of the European Union was done in 1950 with the point of enhancing monetary and political participation between European nations and countries. The European Union is considered a special monetary and political union of the 28 part states, which make up the significant piece of Europe's own landmass. So the EU was made and risen accordingly of the Second World War to enhance financial co-operation, and the thought was for nations to exchange commonly and in this manner avoid conceivable clashes as some time recently. As said over, the European Union has, from the start, kept up and brought peace, soundness and flourishing, all with the sole point of raising the way of
The Marshall Plan The importance and innovative force of the Marshall Plan lay, even beyond the scale of the aid offered, precisely in the fact that it constituted an endeavour to address the two facets of the problem at the same time, combining concession of contributions on the part of the USA with explicit coordination among the European countries, with a view to causing an upturn in trade and production in Europe – while Europe as a whole was to stand as a credible trading partner for the USA. Unlike all the plans drawn up at the time, or in the immediate aftermath of the war, the Marshall Plan made the supply of contributions conditional upon the drafting of a plan by all the European governments in concert – a plan for the distribu- tion and utilization of the funds. European response was immediate: less than six months after Marshall had formulated the idea of the plan in a celebrated speech at Harvard University in July 1947, the governments of western Europe, coming together in an organization that would subsequently become permanent, the Conference for European Economic Cooperation (CEEC), drew up and agreed upon a four-year plan. Thanks to the pains taken to achieve coordination, the proposal won the approval of the US Congress, and in April 1948 it became operative under the constitution of the Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA). As Eichengreen noted, qualitatively speaking there were no doubts that the introduction of the plan gave a final push towards
In the following sections our choice of theories are presented and their relevance to the project, are discussed. The theories tend to provide us a guideline, which helps in relation to organize, select, and analyse our data. We have decided to use political, economical theories as well as a sociological theory, for the reason we aiming to obtain a broader image of the topic, not only one segment. Foucault Foucault theory of power is aiming to challenge the “mainstream”, Western concepts of the world and stimulate people to have a new way of comprehension about the notion of power and power relation. (Taylor, 2004) It advices an empirical analyses of power, with an analytical understanding rather than theoretical, where the perception of
In this essay, I will critique the Eurocentric nature of International Relations theory and world politics. The one-sided understanding and definition of global problems that leave out the problems of the Third World, where majority of the conflicts take place. Post colonialism is a concept that sees International Relations and global politics as presenting a partial outlook of the world political scenario and discredits the current economic, social and political structure that has emerged as a result of colonialism. Postcolonial theory is a critique of the main stream International Relations theory and challenges the central nature of the European nations. Post Colonial approaches help us to make sense of the current political scenario, we can relate the current events to the acts of Imperialism and Colonialism and the ways in which people were affected by them.
With the ultimate purpose of the European Union being to encourage greater political, economic and social harmony amongst the states of Western Europe , the promotion and endorsement of European Integration is paramount to the success of attaining this goal. Of late, the pertinent issue regarding European integration is the challenge posed by the integration of refugees into European society, and the effect the success – or lack of – that this has on the support fostered by the EU from its citizens. Arguably, the EU’s historical success in dealing with integration has often faltered. To varying extents, societies throughout the EU have been contending with the challenges posed by ever-growing diversity for decades. In recent years, debates
Especially western and eastern EU parts must be united, mainly in terms of infrastructure. Information technology tools are good help; these could widely deploy simplicity of administrative procedures, could optimize traffic flows and be useful for cargo tracing and tracking. The White Paper (The White Paper, 2011) suggests, “The race for sustainable mobility is a global one. Delayed action and timid introduction of new technologies could condemn the EU transport industry to irreversible decline“. The White Book also formulates that alhought many European companies have world leadership in traffic management systems, logistics, infrastructure and manufacturing of transport equipment, the other world regions are still in progress too and so it is necessary to focus on sustainable growth.