Theory Of Forced Migration

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The phenomena of migration have been constant since time immemorial. The study of human movement as a field of anthropological enquiry has been considered a departure in the conventional practices to understand migration. Today the subject matter of this field is not only comprehended in terms of its nature i.e. movement of one place to another but as a platform to understand the genesis of such kind of migration.
Migration, permanent or temporary change in residence is a movement of people from one place to another in search for better source of revenue such as better livelihood, secured food supply and moreover to escape from conflicts and disasters at times (Vargas-Lundius 2008). To locate the area of such migration, the focus of attention has now been shifted to the areas where borders are open between two countries and people can easily move based on their required selection. Migration is international when borders are crossed and many literary works on international migration is seen as voluntary, which is willing driven by people for better economic and social opportunities or other personal factors. Forced migration are when migrants leave their countries to escape persecution, conflict, repression, natural and human-made disasters, ecological degradation, or other situations that endanger their lives and freedom or livelihood (Wickramasekera 2002; IOM: United Nations 2000).
Migrant workers are considered among the most vulnerable people in society, and are
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