Theory Of Groupthink

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Groupthink can be defined as members of a particular group suppressing their human morality in order to ensure controversial issues do not arise. Groupthink consists of various elements by which it can be defined. It has become collectively known that group think can be identified as three different types namely: (1) overestimation of the group, (2) closed mindedness, and (3) uniformity. The groups are used to further sub-categorise the different traits of which groupthink consists. 2 1 Illusion of Unanimity Groupthink severely limits the role of the individual members of a team as members are directly and indirectly suppressed. The view behind this concept is to ensure that all views are of a uniform nature. The illusion of unanimity is…show more content…
The pressure brought down upon dissenting members takes various forms. Mr. X and Mrs. Y belief that their decisions would have no ethical consequences led to the implementation of various suppressive mechanisms to ensure that their decisions would be favoured. Mr. X threatened to have members out casted in the economic world and unable to obtain viable work in the field again. The members were viewed as disloyal to the firm and all members were encouraged to shun those that dissented in view. In contrast to this, members who agreed with the group were rewarded for their efforts in doing so, a sort of incentive to pressure those who dissented as well. One aspect of groupthink that correlates to this the pressuring of members is the suppression of other ideas. In doing so, unanimity is sought as well as members intimidated by management by way of a ‘no question’ policy. The so-called sanctity of the group decisions is upheld through the internal and external pressures from the group. Janis provides a corrective manner for this issue; he suggests that the group is further divided into sub-groups in which the views of each member are recorded and the overall idea is…show more content…
In doing so, the members attempt to justify their conduct to be right. Members of groupthink are notorious for ignoring warnings and failing to assess previous decisions, thus leading to a lack of rationalising past assumptions and judgements. Decisions in PlanetCom were made without the necessary due care given to the decisions. Members failed to do adequate research on the subject matter as they made the decision that would benefit the financial status of management and the accountants. Members thus failed to survey the long-term implications of their decisions in favour of a financially driven mind set. Janis suggests groups in this regard have an additional meeting in which the decisions made in the first meeting are critiqued and second opinion is obtained from members before the decision be made

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