In “Strain and Juvenile Delinquency: A Critical Review of Agnew’s General Strain Theory,” written by Giacinto Froggio, he states that “some individuals are drawn to crime when they are prevented from achieving cultural goals such as monetary success” (2). Because children don’t have the same monetary resources as adults, they are pressured to engage in criminal activities to get the things they want. A juvenile is more prone to partake in criminal activities when they come from a low income family. When a juvenile comes from a financially unstable family, the desire to own things they don’t have is even higher than their peers who can come from a financially stable middle-class family. Juveniles who don’t receive much from their parents due to monetary issues, ultimately take the matter into their own hands to take anything they don’t yet have.
The opposing side displayed that research suggested adolescents squeezed through the adult system are more likely to come out as violent career criminals than similar kids handled on the juvenile side (Lundstrom 88). This is false, due to researching more about each child it has came to my knowledge that a majority of kids released had a tendency to go back in to jail for committing other crimes such as theft or assault. Speak of Alex King, whose’ story of “Angels of Death”,
One of the family factors responsible for crime is inadequate parenting. According to crime prevention research, certain kinds of parenting behavior or family environment form a high proclivity of juvenile involvement in crime. Poor parenting truly increases the risk of involvement in crime, and this can be reduce by improving the quality of parenting as proven by experiments designed to this discipline (Yoshikawa, H. 1994). Some of the parenting factors responsible for crime among juveniles include: parental neglect, which in most cases can happen due to large family size, which may lead to laxity in parental supervision.
Juvenile delinquency is very prevalent is today’s society. Juvenile delinquents are minors, usually defined as being between the ages 10 and 18, who have committed some act that violates the law (Juvenile Delinquents). Juvenile delinquency is committed by children who disobey and exhibit troublesome behavior. I have created a theory known as the “full of mischief theory”. The full of mischief theory examines the causes of delinquency, explaining factors such as the quality of relationships with family and other peers as well as behaviors that delinquents learn from others which contribute to crime.
These are clear indications of poor self-control. Another aspect of this theory is the effect child rearing can have on self-control. Gottfredson and Hirschi believed that there was a strong correlation between parental control and self-control. They also identified a link between the self-control of the parent and the subsequent self-control of the child (Cullen, 2014). Gottfredson and Hirschi believed that it would be hard for a parent to recognize criminal behavior if they are engaged in this type of behavior as well.
The environmental stress is when parents condone delinquent behavior and neighborhoods are also unstable giving rise to gang recruitment and conflict. (Alder, Laufer, & Mueller, 2013, p. 144). However, evidence shows that gang behavior is more widespread than confined to the lower-class neighborhoods and is often supervised and controlled by adult organized crime where gang leader operate both legal and illegal businesses (Alder, Laufer, & Mueller, 2013, p. 144). Therefore, researchers use the subculture theory of violence to explain criminal behavior.
In Holden’s time, the fifties, it was a battle the adolescent had to face on his own. People thought that the long time effects and pain of social rejection is not that big of a deal. Social pain as a result of rejection defined by DeWall, Eisenberger is “Rejection that has serious serious implications for an individual’s psychological state. Social rejection can influence emotional and physical pain. 13 out of 15 school shooters were found to be suffering from social rejection
To be clear, there are two options for diversion programs: pre-adjudication and post adjudication. Research across states that have implemented diversion programs highlight the success they’ve been able to obtain in keeping juveniles involvement within the system by addressing the many needs that are at times beyond court reach, all while decreasing recidivism with the hopes of providing a better future for the juvenile. The impact of confining a juvenile to a DYS facility can be detrimental on so many levels. Juveniles who are placed in the confinement of an agency such as DYS are said to be more likely to drop out of high school and reoffend.
Strong social bonds is an unfavorable factor to crime just like weak social bonds poses as a favorable factor to crime. It is important to note that each age group will encounter different kinds of social bonds. Someone in adolescence will experience a variety of different levels of social control than someone in adulthood. For example, a child may experience stronger bonds with parents, friends, and teachers while an adult may experience that of marriage, work, and parenthood.
In another study, Vaughn, Maynard, Salas-Wright, Perron and Abdon, (2013) proved that absentee adolescents were older, has lower school engagement and less parental involvement. It was also established that truancy was significantly correlated with poverty status and single-parenthood. Furthermore, Yoep, Tupang, Jai, Kuay, Paiwai, and Nor (2016), likewise observed that students aged 13 years were less likely to be truant as compared with older ones and that adolescents who had parents living together were less truant as those with single-parents. This findings was also seen on other studies on truancy (Muula et al., 2012; Askeland et al., 2015).
According to Bandura 's social learning theory, people are not born with the ability to act violently, however, it is learned through the "process of behavior modeling and observation" through several outlets such as family interactions or mass media. There 's a strong correlation between an early childhood aggression and an adolescent aggression. Osibin could possibly have been exposed to violence as a child and have a strained relationship with her mother growing up. Alicia Osibin may have suffered from poor role models which "produces imitation and instigation of socially undesirable behaviors," such as violent acts. Furthermore, the psychodynamic theory proposed that "criminals are frustrated and aggravated" due to negative events in their childhood which affect the individual 's unconscious.
Although prior problems may also affect the reasons for suicidal ideations of adolescents, it is suspected that factors such as social workers workload, the crowding of the foster homes and the surroundings of the foster homes could possibly play a role in adolescents not receiving the proper help that they need. For instanced, it is noted that the recommended number of cases of social worker should have is seventeen, however in some states social workers could have twice or even three times more cases than the recommended seventeen. Also, 80-90% of foster care cases can be linked back to substance abuse. By knowing this information America, there should be new improvements with the way that substance abuse is treated. If repremations were made pertaining to substance abuse, and the treatment of social workers, the amount of adolescents in foster care would decrease, and the foster care system would in fact better itself due to new strict regulations on how many cases a social worker can handle at a time.
Juvenile delinquency is a major concern within the criminal justice system. The most frequent crime for juvenile to commit is Theft. The theory that explains juvenile delinquency is going to be the " broken window" theory. The broken window theory concludes that signs of disorder contribute and continue to lead to disorder. Individuals will conclude based off the environment that no one cares and their is no maintenance to be done.
If it is understood how parental incarceration affects children, adult imprisonment of these children may be preventable in the future. It is expected to observe a change in behavior or psychological health due to the absence of one or both parents. If a change is apparent, it would be useful to know if it was due to the incarceration or other factors. Despite the reason, the goal is to discover exactly how a parental incarceration affects the child’s future and whether or not they face a heightened risk of being incarcerated. Risks for children whose parent(s) had been incarcerated includes: increased delinquency and possible incarceration if it persists, aggression, physical or sexual abuse, depression, antisocial behavior, anxiety, trust
Gang, a word carrying great fear, with no exact or universal definition, that carries similar visuals throughout the nation. The federal definition of the word “gang”, is an association of 3 or more persons that identify as a group and use a collective identity, such as tattoos, colors, symbols or personal styles, which create an aura of fear, with a purpose to engage in violent criminal activities. Membership guidelines & amenities vary by gang, but often they include: protection from other gangs and the general public, control of certain areas, defense of shared rival’s interest, and have a distinct structure. These gangs often meet on a regular basis to engage in criminal activity such as drug trafficking, terrorism, and organized crime(NIJ,