Within the early revolutionary epoch of American history brought various interpretations of the country. Thomas Paine characterized this country in an excerpt from his work the Rights of Man. Unfortunately, Thomas Paine’s characterization of America does not entirely hold truth today, and can be evident in our country’s political and identity ideologies. The key points within the excerpt implies that America is a country where a multitude of cultures, religions, and languages coexist. Paine suggests that our government, which was created “on the principles of society and the rights of man”, is able to overcome the differences of political and racial beliefs.
Progressives believed that educated professionals should be in charge of making the decisions as the representatives of the public interest. As a historian Warren Susman described this Progressive method in his book Culture as History, the Progressive movement believed that professionals "could give the people not what they believed they wanted but what they knew, through their training, they really wanted." The diplomacy demonstrated this method through the US government's enforcement onto the Central and South American nations. As the US was the global leader in socio-economic status, Knox considered the nation an expert in that field. The nation would be more capable of deciding what was best for the other underdeveloped countries in the surrounding region.
Realist school of thought considers states-nations as the main actors in international relations and their main concern is the study of power. Morgenthau laid emphasis on the importance of “the national interest” .In his book Politics among nations he wrote "the main signpost that helps political realism to find its way through the landscape of international politics is the concept of interest defined in terms of power”. Morgan thou is considered as a classical realist whereas Kenneth Waltz is a Neo realist. • REALISM AND POLITICS AMONG NATIONS (1948): Morgenthau’s intellectual trajectory was more complicated than it was thought and was shown by scholarly assessments. His realism explained moral considerations and he favored supranational control of nuclear weapons in last part of his life .He opposed the U.S. role in the Vietnam War.
After the World War II, a number of development theories have emerged. This essay, however, will examine the emersion of two development theories–modernization and dependency. First, it will explore their meanings. Then, it will explain the factors underpinning the development of the two theories, as well as their applications among governments in least develop countries by highlighting the values and factors the shape the theories. Finally, it will provide some criticism toward modernization and dependency theories.
The rapid process of decolonization post World War II (WWII) created the need to view development through a different lens altogether and therefore the theory of Modernization emerged. There were three main historical events which led to the inception of the Modernization theory. The first one being the United States emerging strengthened after the war and becoming a leading super power. The second being the spread of the communist movement which extended its influence to China and Korea and the third being the disintegration of colonial empires in Africa, Asia and Latin America, which then constituted newer nations known as the Third World. Modernization therefore refers to a model which attempts to recognize and categorize certain social variables which ultimately contribute to the development and social progress of societies.
Liberalism, along with realism, is one of the main schools of thought in international relations.According to liberals, international relations is not only controlled by the relationship between states but also includes and emphasises the role of other actors. During WWI and WWII the main academic competitor to the Realist paradigm was idealism., They looked into numerous beliefs of realism and recommended possible ideologies to alter the world pursuing supremacy and conflict into a unique one in which peace and cooperation amongst states might conquer. The faith that liberals have is that substantial universal cooperation is possible and power politics can be moved at the core of the realist paradigm. (Lawrence 1913, 3-5)
By demonstrating the examples of German, Russian, Chinese, and Turkish nationalists, “a reactive nationalist sentiment-rooted in a perception of the link between industrialization and effective power in the world arena -- came to be an extremely important factor.” Rostow explicated. “A definitive political transformation,” as Rostow uses the phrase, nationalism sentiment serves as a catalyst for the take-off stage in Rostow’s theory. From this linear evolutionary model, developed countries are depicted as the “advanced” version of more primitive countries and industrialization is the end of the transformation. Immanuel Wallerstein counterargues against the linear perspective of economic development with a three-tiered system: “core,” “semi-periphery,” and “periphery.” The semi-peripheral states in the global economy serve as cheap factories to manufacture goods, and probably the states are able to
One important cause that i will mention is the idea of Manifest destiny. This idea was thought out by Americans and is basically about how America’s government felt that they had the god given right to take land from other empires and expand to those areas. This idea and the amount of opportunity had a great impact on the US expansion and how it came to be. These documents are similar because they both prove my claim on reasoning for the US expansion. They are also similar to each other because they both explain in some way how America’s actions affected the country and other parts of the world.
The objectives of decision makers in making effective the foreign aid coming from the interest coming from the situations. The reform of foreign aid policy come in order from the changing nature of how United States could effectively gain influence and its coming from giving foreign aid policy to countries in need. Thus, United States’s foreign aid policy coming from their national interest and the reform coming from Obama action in defining his interest as policy makers in the context of situations that happening