Theory Of Moralism Immanuel Kant

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In the late 18th century, German philosopher Immanuel Kant wrote extensively on the basis of morals. In his Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals¸ Kant describes the dichotomy present in humans which is a result of humans being both a rational and a natural creature. The rational portion of human pulls them towards acting morally through use of reason. At the same time, the natural aspect of human beings acts as a counterweight, pulling people towards their natural inclinations, especially self-interest. The strength of this counterweight seems massive when a look is taken at human history. In the past, human beings have appeared to participate in wars and immorality more so than they have in using reason to act morally. Kant examines the presence of the dichotomy throughout history in Idea for a Universal History with a Cosmopolitan Intent. Kant believes that the key to a good life is the use of reason and that one can look at history and see that it is pushing people towards a cosmopolitan state which will solve the issue of the dichotomy and allow people to maximize their use of reason. In human history, it appears that human beings ignore their reason and follow their natural inclinations more closely. Aggression and war seems to be the most prevalent events in human history. Kant recognizes that in the past the counterweight seems to outweigh the pull of moral law; however, Kant believes that throughout history, human beings have unknowingly been following a
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