Theory of Reasoned Action/Theory of Planned Behavior (TRA/TPB) This is one of the many and most important theories researcher’s uses to determine the behavioral intention of individuals in performing the behavior. The theory of Planned Behavior Ajzen, 1985 is an extension of Theory of Reasoned Action Fishbein and Ajzen, 1975. This theory was developed by Martin Ajzen Icek (1988, 1991) and it is concern with individual behavioral intention determined by factors such as behavioral beliefs, normative belief and control beliefs. Individual behavioral beliefs affects the attitude towards the behavior, normative belief determines subjective norm and control belief affects perceıved behavior control. The resultant of these factors are the intention and behavior to accept or reject the technology.
The adaptation system has input coming from the external environment as well as internally from the person. Along with stimuli, the adaptation level of the person acts as input to that person as an adaptation system. Adaptation level is constantly changing aspect which is influenced by the coping mechanism of that person. Output are the behaviors of the person, acts as both external and internal, these behaviors can be measured, observed, or subjectively reported. Output behavior becomes feedback to the system and may be either adaptive or ineffective responses.
The conceptualization of stress is important to understand how people learn to cope with stress. How an individual conceptualizes stress will determines his or her adaption, response, or the way managing strategies. There are three main models of stress, which are stimulus based stress models, response based models, and transactional based models. The stimulus based stress models viewed stress as significance life event or change that demands response, adaptation, or adjustment. This refers to the identification of potential sources of stress.
What are the safeguarding rules: It is making sure that people are supported to have full and happy lives. It is wrong if unsafe people are not treated by old hand with the same respect as other patients. It means making sure people are supported to get good access to health care and stay well. Duty of care:Duty of care is responsibility to keep people in our care safe from harm.all staff learn on premises have a responsibility for the safety of services users. For examples:It is a duty owed to use sound care; at the end of the day, one must go about as a sane individual.
These affective consequences are aftereffects of feedback that elicit behavioral change in reaction to feedbacks. Therefore, the affective response is a fundamental mechanism in which behavior is influenced by feedback. (Fishbach et al., 2010; Baumeister, Vohs, DeWall, & Zhang, 2007). These affective experiences include general moods and specific emotions. Moods indicate the level of goal progress, on the other hand, emotion provide feedback regarding the individual’s specific goal contents.
Health promotion activities help maintain or enhance health.. Wellness education. Teaches clients how to care for themselves. illness prevention activities protect against health threats and thus maintain an optimal level of health. Nurses emphasize health promotion, wellness enhancing strategies, and illness prevention activities as important forms of health care because they assist clients in maintaining and improving health. The goal of a total health program is to improve a client 's level of well-being in all dimensions, not just physical health.
It is, in any case, likewise imperative for the project administrator to comprehend the general risk presentation of the project, with the goal that this can be accounted for to the project support and different partners. Risk management must be firmly adjusted to timetable management. Cost, time and asset appraisals ought to dependably consider. The project director is responsible for guaranteeing that risk management happens. Contingent upon the size and many-sided quality of the project, an authority risk managers might be delegated to administer and encourage the risk management
Stone(2000) points out that human behavior is motivated by how people perceive the effects either good or bad. According to Rothschild ( 1999), actions are motivated after carefully weighing the benefits and costs of the actions. Therefore, having access to different avenues like information help mitigate the negatuve effects of actions chosen (ibid). The theories chosen are the theory of Rational Choice, Social Identity Theory and Social Cognitive Theory. The Rational Choice Theory aims at explaining the volunteers’ motivations.
Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behavior towards a wide range of social and environmental interventionsCritical evaluation- Personal life: The knowledge of health promotion will help me to adopt the good habit that will promote my health in order to maintain wellness and be productive in life. By healthful exercise, good personal hygiene, adequate rest and sleep, eating a well-balanced diet avoiding those harmful practices like smoking, alcohol, and substance abuse e.g. care of emotional crisis, stress management. Social life: It is very important to note that good health starts in our home, school, workplace, surrounding, neighboring
In addition, despite the necessity of thinking about the future, it is important not to get preoccupied with such thoughts. Moreover, it is important to know how to manage stresses efficiently; something that is often challenging for many. This can be achieved by yoga, and sharing your problems with family and close friends (Melnyk et al., 2009). Finally, it is important to ensure that the people around you positively influence you. Therefore, to live a healthy life, it is important to stay emotionally