The Motivation in education Motivation is a force used within the educational system to encourage students learning. In general, students’ motivation depends on what they expect out of doing those things and the outcomes of learning. Explanations regarding the source(s) of motivation can be categorized as extrinsic, social, achievement or intrinsic. Extrinsic motivation comes from factors outside the task itself – that is, students’ behavior is performed to receive outcomes given by someone. Therefore, students learn because of consequences.
Students should have a good understanding of the assessment marking criteria. The design of these marking criteria involves the discussion of learning outcomes. The implementation of self-assessment involves a lot of effort, reflection and planning on behalf of the tutor. Students should be made to perceive self-assessment as a natural process in their learning. They should be actively involved in its implementation and its importance in lifelong learning.
Motivation as a Representative of the Effect of Teacher Immediacy on Student’s Learning A process that involves specific directive and properties of stimulation is called motivation (Brophy, 1983; Wlodkowski, 1978). To accomplish a goal, people need motivation other wise they are being forced to achieve goal. Motivation can be define as a desire to do something. Except affective and cognitive learning, another important factor about teacher student relationship is motivation. Student motivation has been found as a critical component to student success (Brophy, 2004; Deci, Vallerand, Pelletier, & Ryan, 1991).
Dimensional descriptions in connection with the expectations of teacher’s effectiveness in the field of organizational behavior provide the basis of desirable or undesirable personality characteristics judgment. So pronounced neuroticism, as an undesirable trait for teachers in interactions with students is quite a justified assumption. Teachers with high neuroticism will need a long span of time to improve their social skills and communicative relationships to their students. Moderate extraversion is enviable because of its association with self-confidence, friendliness and positive emotions. A teacher should have receptive attitude towards unconventional ideas and acceptance of different cultural backgrounds, various feelings and behaviors of their students.
What more! Create learning opportunities and allow space for individual approaches to learning. Most importantly in an effective teaching, teacher act as a facilitator and allows students to take responsibilities for their own learning but not indoctrinating knowledge to the students head. Teachers play a vital role in teaching and learning that enhance students to become independent and critical thinkers while modeling life-long learners. In addition, the role of a teacher is to reach the heart and mind of the children, expand their intellect and knowledge.
This kind of learning promotes independence within the learner and helps in developing creativity. Therefore, I make sure that I revisit topics to enhance my learner’s knowledge. As Bruner [Ref.2] rightly said that learners use prior experience to fit new information into pre-existing models. Motivation is a very important factor in learning. Learners need to understand the reasons or areas where they can use knowledge and then only they can get themselves involved in thinking.
Opportunities to learn and develop are everywhere; so how can we tell if we are gaining knowledge, skills and abilities from what we are seeing, hearing and experiencing? This is where a self-assessment audit tool is useful. The self-assessment audit form is a valuable asset in that it provides students with a structured way of evaluating and managing their own skills. It can highlight the abilities one already has and draw attention to areas that one needs to be skilled in but may have overlooked. When self assessing it is important for the student to be as truthful and objective as possible without underestimating their abilities.
USE QUESTIONING AND FEEDBACK TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE ASSESSMENT PROCESS UNIT 2, 6.4 LITERATURE REVIEW Harlen explains that there are two main reasons for assessing students: to help their learning and to report on what they have learned. He argues that researchers typically discuss these reasons as different purposes for assessment and “mistakenly as different kinds of assessments that are somehow opposed to one another” (Harlen, 2007b). How can they achieve the aim? When learners know and understand these principles, the quality of learning will improve. Sharing this information with my learners will promote ownership of the learning aims and a sense of shared responsibility between me the teacher and learner to achieve those aims.
Self motivation beliefs These beliefs centre the student and allow for the completion of the forethought phase. Self-efficiency which in this case is students’ belief about their ability to learn a task (Zimmerman 2002) , is a key element in these beliefs. "Self-efficacy is extremely important for self-regulated learning because it affects the extent to which learners engage and persist at challenging tasks. Higher levels of self-efficacy are related positively to school achievement and self-esteem.” (Schraw et al, 2006) Outcome expectations can be regulated by the teacher for example, if a student can see how a certain task is relatable to how she will use it in the future she is more likely to want to acquire the proposed knowledge. Performance The performance phase is generally seen as two separate disciplines.
Contemporary education promises for a student-centered environment where the learner’s learning needs are taken into account in forming pedagogical approaches. The study of the learners’ psychology aims to have a better understanding of how a student may learn best – which then entails for teachers to be responsible in providing motivation for their student as it is deemed necessary. With this shift in educational paradigm as modern educational research took place, the need for teachers to innovate pedagogical approaches arises, and it is where popular culture may serve as one. With this type of pedagogical mind set, it is then appropriate to capitalize on popular culture as a good source of learning materials. With the attempt to use popular