Theory Of Social Stratification

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Social stratification is the institutionalized division of people into two or more groups that do not share equal access to power, wealth, and prestige (225). Stratified societies do not treat everyone equally as groups of people are ranked higher or lower depending on their: gender, age, class, race, or ethnicity (217). The ranking system of groups of people varies depending on the stratified society and their ideologies (225). Social stratification is found in many cultures around the world in present day and in the past (225). Most stratified societies use stratification to improve quality of life and social position (225) at the expense another group’s wellbeing (217).
Anthropologists study an individual’s access to power, wealth, and prestige in order to determine the degree of stratification in a given society (225). Anthropologists tend to disagree whether power, wealth or prestige is the most important dimension in a society (225). The reason why anthropologists usually disagree on this subject is because different cultures around the world have different views on the definition and priority of these dimensions (225).
Egalitarian societies allow its members equal access to everything men and women are entitled to: such as resources and social positions (226). People in egalitarian cultures do not exclude one another because of differences and everyone is treated equally (226). Prestigious social positions are awarded to members with the ability to pursue the role

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